chapter 7

97 terms by alkrantz9 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

alveol/o

alveolus (air sac)

bronch/o, bronchi/o

bronchus (airway)

bronchiol/o

bronchiole (little airway)

capn/o

carbon dioxide

laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

lob/o

lobe

nas/o rhin/o

nose

or/o

mouth

ox/o

oxygen

palat/o

palate

pharyng/o

pharynx (throat)

phren/o

diaphragm (also mind)

pleur/o

pleura (lining of lungs)

pneum/o, pneumon/o

air or lung

pulmon/o

lung

sinus/o

sinus

spir/o, -pnea (suffix)

breathing

thorac/o, pector/o, steth/o

chest

tonsill/o

tonsil

trache/o

trachea (windpipe)

uvul/o

uvula

nose

structure that warms, moistens, and filters air as it enters teh respiratory tract

sinuses

air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity

palate

roof of the mouth

pharynx

throat

larynx

voice box

trachea

windpipe

bronchial tree

branched airways that lead from the trachea to the microscopic air sacs called alveoli

lungs

two spongy organs in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage

lobes

subdivisions of the lung with two on the left and three on the right

diaphragm

muscular partition that separated the thoracic cavity form the abdominal cavity and that moves upward and downward to aid in respiration

mucous membranes

thin sheets of tissue that line respiratory passages and secrete mucus, a viscid fluid

eupnea

normal breathing

bradypnea

slow breathing

tachypnea

fast breathing

hypopnea

shallow breathing

hyperpnea

deep breathing

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

apnea

inability to breathe

orthopnea

ability to breathe only in an upright position

cyanosis

bluish coloring of the skin caused by a deficient amount of oxygen

epistaxis

nosebleed

expectoration

coughing up and spitting out blood that originates in the lungs

sputum

material expelled from the lungs by coughing

hyperventilation

excessive movement of air into and out of the lungs, causing hypocapnia

hypoventilation

deficient movement of air into and out of the lungs, causing hypercapnia

hypoxemia

deficient amount of oxygen in the blood

hypoxia

deficient amount of oxygen in the blood

rhinorrhea

thin, watery discharge form the nose

asthma

panting; obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of the mucous membrane; characterized by paroxysmal attacks of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough

atelectasis

collapse of lung tissue

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

bronchogenic carcinoma

lung cancer; cancer originating int eh bronchi

bronchospasm

constriction of bronchi caused by spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle

emphysema

obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by overexpansion of the alveoli with air and destructive changes in their walls, resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

pyothorax

accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity

hemothorax

blood in the pleural cavity

pneumonia

inflammation in the lung

pneumothorax

air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall

pneumohemothorax

air and blood in the pleural cavity

pulmonary embolism

occlusion int he pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot

sinusitis

inflammation of the sinuses

sleep apnea

periods of breathing cessation that occur during sleep, often resulting in snoring

tonsillitis

acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils

upper respiratory infection

infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx, and bronchi

endoscopy

examination inside a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnostic or treatment purposes

bronchoscopy

use of a flexible endoscope, called a bronchoscope, to examine the airways

nasopharyngoscopy

use of a flexible endoscope to examine the nasal passages and the pharynx to diagnose structural abnormalities, such as obstructions, growths and cancers

examination methods

techniques used during physical examination to objectively evaluate the respiratory system

auscultation

to listen

percussion

a physical examination method of tapping the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity such as the chest

lung biopsy

removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathologic examination

radiology

x-ray imaging

chest x-ray

x-ray imaging of the chest to visualize the lungs

computed tomography

CT of the thorax is used to detect lesions in the lungs

pulmonary angiography

x-ray imaging of the blood vessels of the lungs after the injection of contrast material

lobectomy

removal of a lobe of a lung

pneumonectomy

removal of an entire lung

thoracentesis

puncture for aspiration of the chest

thoracoplasty

repair of the chest involving fixation of the ribs

thoracoscopy

endoscopic examination of the pleural cavity using a thoracoscope

thoracostomy

creation of an opening in the chest

thoracotomy

incision into the chest

tonsillectomy

excision of the palatine tonsils

tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

excision of the tonsils and adenoids

tracheostomy

creation of an opening in the trachea, usually to insert a tube

tracheotomy

incision into the trachea

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

method of artificial respiration and chest compressions to move oxygenated blood to vital body organs when breathing and the heart have stopped

endotracheal intubation

passage of a tube into the trachea via the nose or mouth to open the airway for delivering gas mixtures to the lungs

antibiotic

a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms

anticoagulant

a drug the dissolves, or prevents the formation of thrombi or emboli in the blood vessels

antihistamine histamine

a drug that neutralizes or inhibits the effects of histamine, a compound in the body that is released by injured cells during allergic reactions, inflammations

bronchodilator

a drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi

expectorant

a drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set