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Instruments

Mouth Mirror

has detachable handle
-used to view the oral area, reflect light into the oral cavity and retract tongue and oral tissues
-protect oral mucosa from injury

Explorer

double-ended instrument witha probe on opposite end
- hook like instrument with a shap pointed working end
-used to detect breaks in the enamel of tooth

Probe

long blunt working end
-psr (periodontal screening and recording)_______
-end is marked by milimeter incriments 1-10
-measures periodontal pockets

Diagnostic aids

Digital images/radiographs
electric pulp tester

Digital images/radiographs

use to detect dental conditions that may not be visible to the naked eye
-small negative photos

Electric pulp tester

Vitalometer
-measure the vitality of pulp using controlled electrical charges
-helpful in diagnosing for root canal therapy in endodontics

Cotton Forceps

tweezer like instruments use to place cotton pellets, meds and dressing in the oral cavity
-transport small items (wedges) to and from mouth

Aspirating syringe

used for administering local anesthetic
-consist of thumb ring, finger grip, piston rod, harpoon, barrel, threaded tip
-use disposable needles
- larger the gauge # the smaller the needle is
-long needles=mandibular
-short needles=maxillary

Apiration action

ensures anesthetics is not injected into the blood stream
-pull back on thumb ring, creating negative pressure

Anesthetic Carpule

glass cartridge containing anesthetics
-placed into the barrel of the aspirating syringe

Sharps container

Needles, carpules and any other potentially sharp disposables must be discarded in the ____________
- pucture resistant, closable, leak proof, color coded and labeled with the biohazard symbol

Rubber dam

thin rubber square sheet
-comes in different thickness
- made of latex and non latex
used to isolate the tooth or teeth being worked on from the rest of the mout. this helps to increase operator visiblity and aids infection control practices by acting as a protective barrier
-protects patients oral tissue and prevetion of swallowing a foreign material

Rubber dam Punch

punch hole in rubber dam
-different sizes

rubber dam frame

u shaped frame for rubber dam

rubber dam clamps

anchoring and stabilizing the rubber dam to the arch
-sizes and shapes vary according to the arch and type of tooth posterior to the treatment site

rubber dam clamp forceps

rubber dam clamps are place and removed with this item

ligature

dental floss used to attached to the clamp just incase the clamp flies off and patient starts choking on it
- can be ysed for inverting rubber dam material mesially and distally

stellite

used to inver the rubber dam facially and lingually
made of chrome and teflon which doesnt stain resin material

Round tip scissors

used to cut the RD material at the interproximal areas

cotton tipped applicator

used to take topical anesthetic from the container and apply to mouth

dappen dish

multipurpose glass container that can be used to hold medications, burs, cotton pellets

spatula

made of stainless steel or plastic
-used to mix materials

Articulating paper & forceps

forceps used to hold cabron paper that can be used to check patients bite, high restorations, sealants, crowns and FPD and full dentures

VLC shade Guide

use to compare the patients natural tooth color with
in order to choos the correct color of restorative material for anterior teeth

Dycal Instrument

used to mix and place dycal, a pulp protector in cavity prep

2 types of hand pieces

low and high

high speed handpieces

-removes bulk of tooth structure during cavity prep
-run 450,000 rpms is equiped with a water spray cuz of friction heat
-comes with fiberoptic light
- usually uses friction grip burs

Low speed handpieces

for finishing and polishing and contouring procedures
-removes carries at slow rate
-runs at 25,000 rpm
consist of a motor and a ttachment

contra angle

design to allow the operator intraoral access with esaier adaption to tooth surface
-can recieve latch type and triction grip burs and mandrels

Straight attachment

use long smooth shank burs
-ideal for grinding, adjusting and polishing dental appliances

Rotary instruments

accessories such as burs and a mandrel that are intended for use with a dental hand piece
-vary in shap and sizes

excavating bur

used to make cuts into th tooth to remvoe caries, old restoration material, and make cavity prep

Round burs

used for the intial cut of cavity prep and caries removal

pear shaped burs

used for moderate to large occlusual caries

inverted cone burs

make undercuts for retention groves and smooth the walls of the cavity prep

Straight fissure burs

used to remove old amalgam restorations

taper fissure burs

used to propare the walls of the cavity prep

finishing burs

used to recreate the tooth anatomy in the restorative material

Mandrel

used with low speed hand piece
-designed to hold disks and wheels (abrasive disk

spoon excavator

removes soft dentin, debris and caries from the tooth

chisel

used to smooth the enamel margin of cavity preps on anterior teeth

gingival margin trimmers

designed specifally for mesial and distal surfaces
DEMO

Tofflemire retainer

holds stainless steel matrix together
- consist of inner knob, outer knob, spindle, frame, guide slot

Matrices

disposable accessory that from a wall/box around a tooth to hold the filling material
-used on posterior teeth
-

Auto matrix

used when there is less tooth structure remaining after prepping a cavity
-can be metal or plastic

Celluloid strip

clear plastic strip that holds resin material on anterior teeth

wedges

triangular disposable accessories used with a matrix
-made of wood or plastice
-small vary in sizes
help contour the matrix to the tooth anatomy
-help reduce gingical irritation due to over hangs/excessive restorative material

amalgam instruments

silver colored restorative material that is used on posterior teeth

Amalgam carrier

carries amalgam material for prep
-double eneded having a larger and smaller diameter on opposite ends

Amalgam condenser

flat working ends
- variety in diameter
-packs amalgam into cavity prep

amalgam well

made of metal and has non skid base
- newly mixed amalgam is placed in here until need use and picked up by amalgam carrier

amalagam retention pins

used when there may not be enough natural tooth structure
-can provide retentionfor teeth in this condition
vary in style and width and have deep threads that grip the dentin when screwed in

carvers

used to carve or recreate the thooth anatomy on amalgam restorations

Interproximal carver

IPC
-thin rounded working ends , cand be used on M D F L

Discoid/cleoid

used to carve occlusal surface
-double ended, one is disc shped the other is shaped like a spade

hollen back

used on M D F L surfaces has working end that are pointed

Wall carver

double ended, carves the O ssurfaces
-square on one side and rounded on the other

Burnishers

used to smooth or buff amalgam restorations
- several types (small and large ball)

Ovoid

burnisher (football shaped)

Anatomical burnisher

acorn shaped
- used to regine pits and fissures

finishing aids

used to smooth restorations
-abrasive disk
abrasive stones

abrasive disk

like sand paper
used to smooth out restorations

abrasive stones

used to polish amalgam restorations

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