personality ch. 3 from slides
|Individual Psychology|| Adler's theory of personality|
-each person is unique
-Personality shaped by social interactions instead of needs
-Based primarily on consciousness
-Different than Psychoanalytic Theory (Neopsychoanalytic)
-neopsychoanalytic because NOT deterministic and NOT motivated by instincts
|Adler: Childhood events|| Illness and death|
Pampered then rejected by mother
Close relationship with father
Jealousy-Jealous of older sibling and neighborhood peers, so engaged in self-improvement (both in sports and education)
|Motivation||Not instinct/need based|
|Inferiority feelings||always present and motivating; Necessary to development.|
|Compensation||motivation to overcome inferiorities (real or imaged)|
|Inferiority complex|| a condition caused by inability to grow and develop and overcome feelings of inferiority -Organic - overcoming physical limitations -Spoiling - center of the universe. Reality comes as a surprise. Little empathy or ability to delay gratification|
-Neglected -feelings of worthlessness.
|Superiority complex||overcompensation; Vanity and self-centeredness; Debasing.|
|Striving for Superiority||-Future (goal) oriented to meeting future goal of wholeness/perfection/completion - -Individual and collective|
-Initially, thought people strived to be more masculine (less weak) Later, thought we all strive for superiority (urge toward perfection/completion)
-Society and individuals strive for superiority
Fictional finalism - work toward a fictionalized "perfect" state. Imagined completeness.
|Style of Life|| How we behave to reach perfection. Early social interactions learned from early life (age 4 or 5). |
Learned way of being.
While we cannot change our basic style of life, we can alter our attitudes and interpretations.
Creation of an appropriate way to react and adapt (or creative power of the self).
|Style of Life: Three universal problems|| 1. Behavior toward others|
|Style of Life: Four ways of coping|| 1. Dominating - ruling attitude - leads to abnormal behavior|
2. Getting - dependent attitude - leads to abnormal behavior
3. Avoiding - non-risk taking attitude - leads to abnormal behavior
4. Being socially useful - adaptive coping and socially interested attitude