study of plants.
list the three groups of the plant kingdom.
vascular without seeds, non vascular, vascular with seeds.
name the phylum and give examples of the non-vascular plants.
how do they reproduce.
example of vascular plants without seeds.
plants that grow on other plants.
a fern leaf
two types of vascular plants with seeds.
how do gymnosperms reproduce.
pollen cones, seed cones
four types of conifers.
pine trees, yew , cypress, redwood
two classes of angiosperms
thick wall cell
primary function of a leaf.
parts of leaf
layers of leaf
parallel and netted
two types in a roots system in a plant.
tap root and fibers
identify the three regions of the root.
marastimatic , cortex
functions of roots.
absorb, ancor , transport , store
parts of the stem that protects tiny leaves and flowers.
three main branching patterns.
ex current , deliquescent , and columnar
four plant uses for water
photosynthesis, turgor, hydrolysis, transolocation
parts of the topsoil.
composed of loam, living organisms and humus.
the release of water through the leaves of a plant.
transpiration- cohesion theory
possible explantation for water translocation.
the presence of water inside a plant or protist cell in a quantity sufficeint to give the cell stiffness
a growth- regulating hormone i plants.
a growth response of plants to external stimuli such as light gravity.
growth movement of a plant in response to light
growth movement of a plant response to contact.
length of day and night affects flowering of plants.
asexual - same genetic makeup
beginnings of growth of embryonic plant in the seed.