Post WWII

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GI bill

law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations

Cold War

This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.

Containment

a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate pecefully

Marshall Plan

A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology

Berlin Airlift

Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries

Korean Conflict

The Korean War was fought from 1950 to 1953. The North was supported by USSR and later People's Republic of China while the South was supported by U.S. and small United Nations force. The war ended in stalemate, with Korea still divided into North and South.

McCarthyism

The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.

Levittown

Towns in which houses were built on an assembly line. The houses were cheap and all families could afford them.

Baby boom

the rapid population increase that took place bewteen 1945 and 1960

Rock and Roll

music that grew out of rhythm and blues and that became popular in the 1950s

Eisenhower

president who pledged aid to countries who took stances against communism in 1957, decided to involve america in war

JFK

president during Bay of Pigs, Cuban Missle Crisis, Berlin Wall; started Peace Corps; expands NASA; pushes Civil Rights Bill of '63 after March on Washington

Flexible Response

the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons

Bay of Pigs Invasion

in 1961, an attempt by Cuban exiles in southern Cuba to overthrow the Cuban socialist government of Fidel Castro; the effort was funded by the U.S. and was famously disastrous.

Cuban Missile Crisis

Brink-of-war confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over the latter's placement of nuclear-armed missiles in Cuba. (p. 839)

Lyndon Johnson

the US president who privately wanted to stay out of Vietnam but sent soldiers because his goal was to stop the spread of communism

Great Society

the term for the domestic programs of the Johnson administration

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to take military action in Vietnam

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