Personality ch 3 part 2 from slides
|Social Interest|| "Can't we all just get along?"; go along to get along|
-First experienced and learned through interactions with mother
-Without social interest=neurosis, drunkeness, etc.
|Birth Order: Empirical evidence||Prediction of homosexuality (men only)|
First born - higher achievement/eminence, possibly higher IQ, prefer social occupations, dependent, lower depression and anxiety, higher self-esteem
Second born - not more competitive/ambitious, lower self-esteem
Last born - higher alcoholism/binge drinking
Only born - maybe more self-centered, maybe not; better grades
|Advantages and disadvantages of First Born|| *pampered then "dethroned". Difficult adjustment to loss of power, especially if younger or pampered|
Disadvantages - oriented toward the past. Overly concerned with power.
Advantages - maturity. Ability to lead/teach. Orderly and organized.
|Advantages and disadvantages of second born|| *Second-born - competitive with first born.|
• Disadvantages - underachieving, feelings of inability to measure up.
• Advantages - competitiveness leads to early development. Unconcerned with power. Optimistic.
|Advantages and disadvantages of youngest child|| *Youngest - Frequently pampered, never "dethroned"|
• Disadvantages - potential to become dependent.
• Advantages - Fast development and high achievement.
|Advantages and disadvantages of only child|| *Only - Center of attention.|
• Disadvantages - need to be center of attention. Little learning of "social niceties".
• Advantages - Early maturation.
|Adler's method of analysis for individual psychology|| • Observation and warm interaction (humor)|
• Examination of early memories (real or imagined)
• Dream analysis
• Adler did not use tests, but tests have been created to measure components of personality (social interest, for example)
|Dream analysis||dreams oriented toward present or future - aimed at solving problems or dealing with situations|
|Adler's and dreams||*Falling - demotion or loss|
*Flying - ambition
*Being chased - weakness in relation to others
*Paralysis - facing insoluble problems
*School exam - unpreparedness
*Wearing inappropriate clothes - disturbed by own thoughts
*Sexual themes - retreat or inadequate information
*Rage - hostile style of life
*Death - unresolved issues about dead person (social interactions)
*Nakedness - giving oneself away (vulnerability?)
|Human Nature: Adler|| • Free will|
• Both nature and nurture
• Both past and present