Hegemonic Masculinity/femininity is
The basic stereotype of man and woman
Sex is the
Gender refers to
The social aspects associated with sex
How many ways of thinking about Gender are there?
The three different ways of thinking about Gender are
Difference, division and doing
Gender as difference entails
Roles (i.e gendered knowledge such as science). Does biology = destiny?
Gender as division entails
Differences exist, although they may not be natural. e.g Hegemonic masculinity
Gender as 'doing' entails
The codes, practices, dress, attitudes and emotions attached to a gender
Erving Goffman, on 'doing' gender, believes that
Particular ways of being 'feminine' or 'masculine' are made available to us by our cultures. We adopt, modify, or resist these as we 'do' our gender.
Harold Garkinfel, on 'doing' gender, believes that
There are codes appropriate to masculine and feminine such as appearance, activities (jobs), talk, dress, attitudes etc
Don West and Candance Zimmerman, on 'doing gender', believe that
Gender can be seen as routine, methodical and recurring accomplishment, guided by social expectations and notions that particular ways of doing gender are the most natural
Gayle Rubin and Adrienne Rich both found that
we live in a world that privileges heterosexuality