Quick and Easy Medical Terminology, Chapter 4

Created by ErinShelby1992 

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-13 terms -17 phrases

ech/o, son/o

sound

electr/o

electricity

fluor/o

emitting or reflecting light

radi/o

radiant energy

tom/o

to cut

ultra-

excessive

algesi/o

sensitivity to pain

chem/o

chemical

pharmac/o, pharmaceut/i

drugs or medicine

plast/o

repair

therapeut/o

treatment

tox/o

poison

-therapy

treatment

Diagnosis

the identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, tests, and procedures

Prognosis

the predicted outcome of a disease

Acute

having a short and relatively severe course

Chronic

the disease exits of a long period of time

Sign

objective, or definitive, evidence of an illness or disordered function that are percieved by an examiner, such as fever, rash, or evidence established by radiologic or laboratory testing

Symptom

subjective evidence as percieved by the patient such as pain

Pulse

the rhythmic expansion of an artery that occurs as the heart beats; it may be felt with a finger

Respiration rate

the number of breaths per minute

Thermometer

instruments that can be used to measure temperature

Inspection

the examiner uses the eyes and ears to observe and listen to the patient

Palpation

the examiner feels the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts with the hands

Percussion

the examier taps the body with the fingertips or fist to evaluate the size, borfersm and consistency of internal organs and to determine the amount of fluid in a body cavity

Auscultation

the examiner listens for sounds within the body to evaluate the heart, blood vessels, lungs, intestines, or other organs, or to detect the fetal heart sound (most commonly performed with a stethoscope)

Specimen

a small sample taken from the body to represent the whole

Sonogram, Echogram

ultrasound

Radiopaque

descriptive of substances that do not permit the passage of X-rays

Radiolucent

descriptive of substances that readily permit the passage of x-rays

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