Child and Adolescent Development set 2

7 terms by tkroy 

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Zone of Proximal development

includes those functions that are in the process of developing but not yet fully developed. In practice, the zone of proximal development represents the gap between what children can do on their own and what they can do with the assistance of others.

Scaffolding

process by which adults provide support to a child who is learning to master a task or problem. When adults scaffold a task or problem, they perform or direct those elements of the task that are beyond the child's ability.

Microsystems

Immediate environments (family, school, peer group, neighborhood, and childcare environments)

Mesosystem

A system comprised of connections between immediate environments (a child's home and school)

Exosystem

External environmental settings which only indirectly affect development (such as parent's workplace)

Macrosystem

The larger cultural context (Eastern vs. Western culture, national economy, political culture, subculture)

Chronosystem

The patterning of environmental events and transitions over the course of life.

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