Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

krater

an ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water

meander

key pattern around the rim of a krater

cella

the chamber at the center of an ancient temple

naos

in a classical temple, this room is where the cult statue usually stood

entasis

the convex profile in the shaft of a column

acropolis

high city

kore

statue of a goddess or maiden

amphora

two-handled storage jar

contrapposto

counterbalance

pediment

the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade

triglyph

a triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes

gigantomachy

battle of gods and giants

peristyle

a colonnade all around the cella and its porch(es)

stereobate

the first step leading up to a building, such as the Parthenon

frieze

the part of an entablature between the architrave and cornice; any scupltured or painted band in a building

Nike

athena's attendant who is the personification of victory

parapet

a low, protective wall along the edge of a balcony or roof

humanism

emphasis on education and on expanding knowledge, exploration of individuals potential and a desire to excel, and a commitment to civic responsibilities and moral duty

portico

roofed colonnade

caryatid

a female figure that functions as a supporting column

kouros

statue of male youth

peplos

simple, long, woolen, belted garment

tholos

temple with a circular plan

Hellenistic

term given to the culture that developed after the death of Alex the Great in 323 BCE and lasted almost 3 centuries until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 31 BCE

entablature

the part of a building above the columns and below the roof

metope

panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief

volute

spiral, scroll-like form characteristic of the Ionic order

peripteral

single row of columns on all sides

centaur

mythological beast that was part man, part horse

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set