Baroque Era Dates
1. Music and architecture is elaborately decorated
2. world population es expanding and colonizing
3. music has a steady tempo and a strong bassline
telescope, tennis, submarine, umbrella, watch, thermometer
1.Galileo (astronemer-invented telescope)
2.Sir Isaac Newton (invented calculus, changed physics)
two main sources of employment
1. playing for the rich (patrons)
1. religious movement
2. instead of latin, native language became language used in sacred music
violins, violas, cellos, basses, harpsichord, early forms of woodwinds
2. born in Germany
3. spent many years living and working in Germany
4. most famous pieces: "Water Music" and "The Messiah"
2. ordained priest
3. played violin
4. most important pieces were concertos, especially "The Four Seasons"
2. most important composer in Western music's history
3. wrote hundreds of pieces
4. had 19 children
5. wrote using counterpoint
6. perfected the fugue
7. most famous pieces: Brandenburg concertos, Magnificat (oratorio), Passion According to St. Mathew (oratorio), The Well-Tempered Clavier
two or more melodies played at the same time
a composition written for 3 or more musical lines/voices. Each voice has similar music but enter at different times, creating counterpoint with one another
a kind of counterpoint where one voice begins, followed by another voice singing the same tune, like a round
a musical piece for solo singers, chorus and orchestra with words usually taken from the Bible. No costumes, no sets, no drama.
a musical drama with costumes and sets
a song written for one-two voices, usually accompanied by an instrument/orchestra (used in operas and oratorios)
vocal music with no real tune. words are set to music that is designed to resemble the natural pattern of speech. Recitatives advance the plot in operas and oratorios.
a simple traditional hymn tune
a type of accompaniment with a harpsichord and a cello/bass
a piece of music where one player (soloist) sits/stands at the front of the stage, playing melody, while the rest of the orchestra accompanies him/her.
extreme techincal ability on an instrument
specific music written for Roman Catholic church service. The sacred text is Latin, and it is not a musical drama.
instrumental work in several movements based on traditional dance music
succession of notes on one syllable
3. major works: "The Assumption of the Virgin", "Evangelists", "St. Cecilia"
4. artistic elements: religious/mythological, emotionally charged, subject presented in most dramatic way, animated, swirling lines
3. major works: "The Night Watch", "The Return of the Prodigal Son", "Portrait of a Lady with an Ostritch-Feather Fan"
4. characteristic artistic elements: contrast between light and shadow, lots of self-portraits
3. major works: "You Woman Seated at a Virginal", "Girl with a Pearl Earring", "Milkmaid"
4. characteristic artistic elements: use of light and color play, realistic, music themed, many interiors
3. major works: "Las Maninas", "Maria Theresia of Spain (with to watches)", "Juan de Pareja"
characteristic artistic elements: light and shadow contrasts, had rich patrons
3. major works: "La Tricheur", "Repenting Magdalene", "St. Joseph, the Carpenter"
4. characteristic artistic elements: "modern" scenes of popular pass times for rich people (playing cards), use of light (instead of blurred lines, created sharp contours)