GEO Final

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119 terms

Of India's more than 1 billion population, almost _____ million are Muslims.

165 million

The country located ... [north/south/east/west] of India is:

Pakistan

The major river of Pakistan is the:

Indus

The area known as the "land of the five rivers" is:

Punjab

The southwestern Arabian Sea coast of India is known as the:

Malabar Coast

The caste system is most associated with which of the following religions:

Hinduism

The first true indigenous empire in the South Asian realm was the:

Mauyran

The power that massively penetrated India from the west in the tenth century AD was:

...

In 1947, British India was partitioned into which of the following states?

India and Pakistan

Which city lost a good part of its hinterland to Pakistan in the partitioning of British India?

Calcutta

The area of India in which the population exhibits the country's lowest growth rate is:

Southernmost part of the peninsula

The approximate percentage of India's population that lives in poverty-stricken rural areas is:

70%

Which of the following countries does not share a common border with Pakistan?

Afghanistan, Iran, China, & India

An area whose control is hotly disputed by India and Pakistan is:

Jammu & Kashmir

The McMahon Line:

Treaty signed in 1914- The boundary between China and India

India's Sikh population is concentrated in:

Punjab

The priestly caste in India is known as the:

Brahmins

The untouchable caste in India is known as the:

Harjians

The city located closest to the Ganges Delta is:

Kolkata (Calcutta)

The ___________ Revolution of the 1960s introduced "miracle" varieties of wheat and rice that significantly increased the productivity of these crops.

Green

Which of the following industries spearheaded the economic development of Bengaluru over the past decade?

Information Technology

A newly developing regional economic disparity in India has opened between:

The east and west

During the twentieth century, 8 of the 10 costliest natural disasters in the world struck

Bangladesh

Which of the following cities suffered severely in the devastating 1991 cyclone that came ashore at the northern end of the Bay of Bengal?

Dhaka

Bangladesh was formerly known as:

East Pakistan

The two countries of South Asia's Mountainous North are:

Nepal & Bhutan

The small group of islands 400 miles southwest of India are the:

Maldives

The Buddhist majority population of Sri Lanka is known as the:

Sinhalese

Bhutan is located between _________ and _________

...

What is the former name of Sri Lanka?

Ceylon

What is the name of the Sri Lankan minority that has been demanding an independent state of Eelam, to be established on the coast of India facing Sri Lanka?

...

Two former colonial entities that reunited with China during the late 1990s are:

Macau & Hong Kong

China's total area is (compared to the United States):

China 9.5 km2 - US 9.8 km2

The country of the "people of Han" is:

China

Mao Zedong's proclamation creating the communist People's Republic of China was announced in:

1949

China's largest city is:

Shanghai

China's current population is closest to:

1.3 billion

Which of the following regions is often called "Manchuria" by uninformed foreigners?

Northeast China

Which of the following is one of the worlds' most heavily populated agricultural areas:

North China plain

The main river serving the hinterland of Shanghai is the:

Chang-Yangzi River

The Gobi Desert is associated with which Chinese region?

Inner Mongolia

The southernmost of China's three great rivers is the:

Xi/Pearl

The emerging economic region of China, driven by forces of globalization, is

The Pacific Rim

The leader who took over in China following the struggle after Mao's death was:

Mao's son

China's decision to open relations with the West in 1972 was in part based on:

The need for a relationship with a major power, since china was at serious odds with the soviet union.

Which of the following in not one of Japan's four large islands?

Honshu, Hokkai, Kyushu, and Shikoku

The Meiji Restoration:

Makred the beginning of Japan's modernization and generated its ceconomic and military transformation

Japan's natural landscapes:

Mountainous and hilly, with flat land at a premium

Japan's population:

Just about 125 million

Japan's largest and main island, containing the Japanese capital and almost all of its core area is:

Honshu

Japan's leading region of urbanization and industry (and agriculture as well) is the:

Kanto Plain E. Kyushu

By 2100, Japan's current population of 128 million is expected to shrink to about _____ million:

67

Japan's recent economic problems are a result of all of the following except:

major earthquakes in the 1990's that led to 3 million deaths and billions of dollars in losses

North and South Korea may be said to be in a situation of:

Regional complementarity

The outcome of the Korean War in the 1950s was:

a military stalemate resulting in the continued division of the country

South Korea's growth has resulted from an economic system described as:

state capitalism

Taiwan was at one time a colony of:

Japan

A former Portuguese colony that is the newest state in Southeast Asia is:

Macau

Half of Southeast Asia's population lives in which two countries?

Indonesia; the Philippines

Agriculture in Southeast Asia is limited by:

leached soils

A country in Southeast Asia that remained, for the most part, an independent state throughout the colonial era was:

Burma

In 1965, _______ broke away from Malaysia and became a separate political entity in Southeast Asia

Singapore

_______ held onto eastern Timor well after the Dutch left the East Indies.

Portugal

The largest Muslim country in the world in terms of population is:

Indonesia

Which of the following political entities is not located on the island of Borneo?

East Timor

The colonial power that lost the battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 was:

French

Which country does not border Vietnam?

Thailand

The Southeast Asian nation that is still ruled by a communist regime is:

Vietnam and Laos

Angkor Wat is located in which country?

Cambodia

The Khmer Rouge killed as many as 2 million people in an attempt to change the society of:

Cambodia

The poorest state in Indochina is:

Laos

Three countries located on the Malay Peninsula are:

Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar (Burma)

The vast majority of Thailand's Muslim population lives in the:

...

The two States of East Malaysia are:

Sarawak and Sabah

The small oil rich Islamic sultanate of Insular Southeast Asia is:

Brunei

The ethnic group that accounts for over 75 percent of Singapore's population are the:

Chinese

Indonesia is a state located:

on more than 13,000 islands between the Indian ocean and the pacific ocean

The majority of Indonesia's population is located on the Island of:

Jawa

The island of ________ is the largest and westernmost island of Indonesia

Jawa

The island of Insular Southeast Asia that can be characterized as a minicontinent is:

Jawa

The now-ended policy of the Indonesian government to induce Jawanese to move to other islands was called

Transmigration

The state that has unresolved issues with Australia over seabed oil reserves is:

East TImor

The two main islands in the Philippines are:

Luzo, Mindanao

The Muslim stronghold in the Philippines is located in:

Basilan Island

_______ is Southeast Asia's only landlocked country.

Laos

Manila is located on the island of _________.

Philippines

Banda Aceh, the city most devastated by the 2004 tsunami, is located on the Indonesian island of _______________.

...

Papua, the Indonesian province that lies in the Pacific Realm, is located on the island of _______________.

...

The animals found in Australia who carry their young in pouches are collectively known as:

Marsupials

Native Australians are known as:

Aborigines

For many years, Australia had an immigration policy that:

allowed only white people to enter the country

Which of the following is not one of Australia's major problems?

Border disputes

Which of the following statements is false (Australia's population)?

Most Australians live in rural areas

The island across the Bass Strait off the southeastern coast of Australia is called:

Tasmania

Most of the core area of Australia is located in the:

Southeastern Coast

About ___ percent of Australians live in cities or towns.

85%

The Australian capital city is:

Canberra

The vast interior rural area of Australia is known as the:

Outback

The agricultural activity most closely associated with Australia's moistest environment is:

dairying

New Zealand's largest ethnic minority group, whose roots are Polynesian, is known as the:

Maori

The historic 1840 agreement between the Maori and Europeans in New Zealand is known as the Treaty of:

Waitangi

Today, fully one-fourth of Australia's population is _______ born.

British-Irish

______ is Australia's largest commercial crop.

Wheat

Australia has had a long-term relationship with __________ to assist that country's development

Papua New Guinea

The term "Austral" means _______________.

From the south

Australia's newest neighbor, which successfully seceded from Indonesia and became independent in 2002, is _______________.

...

In territorial size, the largest country in Melanesia is:

Papau New Guinea

The island of New Guinea is included in the Pacific region known as:

Melanesia

Which of the following is located in Melanesia?

Papua Province (Indonesia), Papua New Guinea, Solomon islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia (France), Fiji

Papua New Guinea has faced an insurgency movement in:

Bougainville

Prior to independence, New Guinea was administered by:

Australia

Which of the following is false about Fiji?

Large numbers of australians have retired to the islands

Which of the following is located in Micronesia?

Marshall Islands

The better-watered volcanic islands, where the economy is based upon agriculture, are known as:

High Islands

The dominant economic activity associated with high-island cultures is:

Agriculture

The Pacific region called ___________ takes its name from the word for many, and is contained within a huge triangle whose corners are New Zealand, Easter Island, and the Hawaiian Islands.

Polynesia

Regionally, the Hawaiian Islands are part of:

Polynesia

The country abbreviated as PNG is the largest state in the Pacific region called ______________.

Papa New Guinea

The Pacific region that from the end of World War II through the 1980s was largely a United States Trust territory is _____________.

...

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