|George Eastman|| Invented flexible celluloid film|
Owner of Kodak Eastman film industry
|Edward Muybride|| 1877|
Horse has all four hooves of the ground at a single moment.
Link between pictures taken in quick succession.
|Thomas Edison||Invented the projector and nickelodeon|
|Nickelodeon||Machine you could put a nickel into and watch a short movie. "The Sneeze"|
|Billy Bitzer|| Moved the camera and played with movement.|
Used movement + pathos.
|Movement|| Up: Joy, aspiration, success, happiness|
Down: Death, defeat, sorrowful, slumping
|D.W. Griffith|| Called "Father of Film."|
Moved film from a gimmick to an art.
Known for his editing.
|Realistic Editing|| In sequence editing.|
Example: Rocket takes off from earth (1st part), then lands on the moon (2nd part)
|Classical Editing|| The ability to tell multiple stories going on at once. |
He "cuts for continuity" to help audience fill gaps.
|Locale Changes||Where the story takes place.|
|Extreme Long Shot|| Almost always exterior|
People are mere specks
Tend to be used in Epic films
|Epic film||Films like Historical, Westerns, etc.|
|Long Shot|| Corresponds from distance of audience to stage|
Tend to include full shots of humans
Humans are barely contained
|Medium Shot|| Shot from knees to head up|
Includes two people (romantic scenes)
Most common/ very functional
|Close-ups|| Magnify/ focus attention|
Often symbolic and magnify importance
|Bird's eye view|| Not used often- unfamiliar|
Used for abstract/ expressive scenes
Suggests being watched by God
|High-angle|| Like Birds Eye, but at an angle|
People still seem vulnerable
|Eye Level||Most Common|
Menacing- used in violent scenes
|Oblique angle|| Off-balance, literally tilted|
Used to suggest tension/ movement
|Lighting||Used for theme, mood genre|
|High Key Lighting||Bright, even illumination (comedies/musicals)|
|High Contrast Lighting||Harsh shafts of light/ streaks of black (tragedies)|
|Low Key Lighting||Shadows with pools of lights (gangster movies)|
|Mise en scene|| Meaning = Placing on stage|
How visual materials are staged
Adopted from the theater
|Aspect Ratio||Refers to the size of a screen|
|Placement/ their meanings|| 1. Irising - D.W. Griffith|
2. Central Portion reserved for main idea
3. Outer edges, top, bottom
4. Space behind set = space behind
5. Deliberate lack of balance
|Buster Keaton|| - 1895-1966|
- "The Great Stone Face"
- Early stage life and vaudeville career.
|Vaudeville||Early entertainment- usually was held in bars.|
|Buster Keaton Contributions||...|