an informal agreement among a government and important interest groups in response to the interest groups' concerns about government policy or program benefits.
Agro-export model of development
a strategy for economic development in which a country exports agricultural products, minerals or petroleum, and imports manufactured goods
opposition to the political power of religious institutions or the clergy
a network of voluntary associations that exists outside the state, such as professional organizations, trade unions, student and women's groups, religious bodies, fraternal organizations, athletic leagues, musical societies, etc.
the constitutionally unauthorized removal of an existing government by force
an informal aspect of policymaking in which a powerful patron offers resources such as land, contacts, protection or jobs in return for the support and services of lower-status and less powerful clients; corruption, preferential treatment and inequality are characteristic of clientelist politics.
a government in which the president or chief executive is from a different political party than the political party that has a majority in, or which dominates, the national legislature.
Land granted by the Mexican government to an organized group of peasants
a recipient of an ejido land grant
Export-centered development strategy
a strategy for development in which a country exports goods and services in which it has a comparative advantage; part of neo=liberal development model
the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, a multilateral agreement that sought to promote freer trade among countries; predecessor to the WTO
a strategy for industrialization in which a country manufactures domestically goods that it previously imported in order to satisfy the demands of its domestic market.
the portion of an economy largely outside government control in which employees work without contracts or benefits
organizations that seek to represent the interests of their members in dealing with the government
a Mexican factory (usually near the US border) that produces goods for export.
North American Free Trade Agreement, an agreement in which MExico, the US and Canada committed themselves to the elimination of the trade barriers among them
Neo-liberal model of development
a strategy for economic development in which a country promotes open competition among business firms in its national market, and gives relatively free rein to market forces
state-owned, or state-controlled, corporations created to undertake a broad range of activities from the control and marketing of agricultural production to the provision of banking services and the operation of airlines, other transportation facilities and public utilities
neofeudal relationships in which "patrons" gain the support of "clients" through the mutual exchange of benefits and obligations
the traditional concentration of power, formal and informal, int he office of the Mexican president
the six-year term that a Mexican president serves in office
an economic development strategy in which the state guides the process of private industrial and agricultural development, encourages the formation of investment capital and the establishment of businesses, and protects domestic businesses from foreign competition.
a political system in which the state requires all members of a particular economic sector to join an officially designated interest group, with the result that the state gains substantial control over interest groups and itnerest groups channel or control their members political and economic advocacy.
a career-minded bureaucrat who administers public policy according to technical, rather than political, criteria
World Trade Organization, an international body that enforces agreements that reduce barriers to international trade; successor to the GATT