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Deviance

the violation of norms that a society agrees upon

crime

the violation of norms that have been written into law

criminology

the scientific studies of crime, deviance, and social policies that the criminal justice system applies

consensus model of law

suggests that laws arise because people see a behavior they do not like, and they agree to make it illegal

conflict model of law

proposes that powerful people write laws to protect their own interests while punishing the actions of those they wish to control

reintegrative shaming

an effort to bring an offender back into the community after punishment

deterrence

a measure that prevents a person from doing something because of fear of the consequences

recidivism

the tendency for inmates released from prison to return to prison

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