Chapter 14 The Influence of Islam on West Africa
|How did Islam first reach Ghana?||Trans-Saharan trade brough Islam to Ghana.|
|How did Mansa Musa's hajj help Mali gain acceptance as an important empire? What evidence is there to prove this acceptance?||His wealth and presense during his hajj helped him gain acceptance and respect. He paid in gold and gave gifts to those who hosted him during his hajj. Maps with his empire and reference to him indicate the influence he had during his hajj.|
|As Islam spread in West Africa, what new religious practices and values were adopted?||The Five Pillars of Faith, Arabic prayer, fasting, mosques, pilgrimmages and alms were all new practices brought by Islam.|
|What three major changes occurred in West African government and law as a result of Islamic influence?||Succession/inheritance changed from matrilineal to patrilineal. Governments became highly centralized. Finally, the adoption of the shari'ah (Islamic Law)|
|Explain the Muslim influence on each of these areas of culture in West Africa: education, architecture, and art.|| Education: Muslims valued learning and built many schools and centers of learning.|
Architecture: Mosques vs. small shrines. Homes also had new designs.
Art: Calligraphy, geometric patterns, etc.
|Why did more and more West Africans learn Arabic? In what ways did the Arabic language influence learning and scholarship? What was the influence of Arabic on trade and government?||With the apread of Islam Arabic became the language of religion, learning, commerce and government.|