Ch 3.1: Toward Revolution

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tax protest

-mob of colonists led by MacIntosh opposing Oliver, Bostonian stamp officer

Proclamation of 1763

-settlers move into Native American hunting ground previously protected by French west of Appalachians secured by treaty
-George III says no more expansion to keep peace with NA
-colonists enraged

Pontiac

-chief of Ottawa, lead revolt against expansion into land

The Sugar Act (1764)

-Britain imposes taxes on sugar, wine, textiles, coffee, molasses from places other than BR
-skyrocketed price of goods, hurt trading posts, encouraged while restricted smuggling
-widened gap between colonists and British

"no taxation without representation"

-colonists wanted to be able to have a say in their taxes

external tax

-tax on goods entering colonies

internal tax

-tax on goods made within colonies

Stamp Act (1765)

-tax on all documents that must bear an official stamp to prove they'd paid the tax
-colonists felt it was unfair to regulate internal tax

Sons of Liberty

-radical group opposed to Stamp Act

Samuel Adams

-leader of SoL

Declaratory Act

-nine colonies repeal Stamp Act --> Parliament passes law giving them the right to make laws regardless of colonist consent

Boston Massacre (1770)

-conflict breaks out when British troops are sent to Boston to enforce laws
-5 die including Crispus Attucks

Tea Act (1773)

-colonies only allowed to buy from East India Trade Co

Boston Tea Party

-SoL disguised as Mowhawks throw 324 chests of tea in the Boston harbor

treason

-pertaining to decrees drawn by colonists opposing BR

Townshend Acts (1767)

-boycotted laws restricting and taxing British-colonial trade

committee of correspondence

-colonial organization(s) organized in 1772 to spread news of Great Britain's actions and acts throughout the colonies
-carried news of the closed Boston Harbor

First Continental Congress (1774)

-56 men, 12 colonies, met in Philie to discuss a halt in trade with BR
-1775 recall

Concord and Lexington

-skirmish leaving 8 Americans dead when BR ordered to arrest Continental Congress
-led to guerilla attacks that started war

General Gage

-gov of Massachusetts in charge of BR in arrest

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