Sat list4

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preoccupy

to hold attention completely, v.使全神貫注;使入神

abundance

a great amount, wealth, n.丰富, 充裕, 丰富充裕

trigger

V. /引起;触发;扳机/set off. , put in motion or move to act

widespread

widely circulated or diffused, (adj.) happening in many places or to many people; fully open, a 广泛的,普遍的

fluid

a substance that can flow, n.流体,液体

erosion

a gradual decline of something.腐蚀,磨损,侵蚀. 流失

suspend

hang freely, bar temporarily, v.暂缓,中止;吊,悬

excellent

very good

verification

confirmation, ensuring the data is accurate

remnant

a small part remaining behind, n.残余物;零头布料

morality

the goodness or sinfulness of human acts, n.道德,美德,品行

superstitious

a belief not based on fact, a.迷信的

befriend

v. to act as a friend; to assist; aid

juvenile

a youthful person, adj.少年的,似少年的

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions (especially with financial help),恩人,捐助者

disastrous

causing much damage or harm,灾难性的,极糟糕的

deleterious

harmful, injurious, 有害的

contentment

satisfaction, happiness, pleasure, n. 滿意

contemptuous

lack of respect,轻蔑的,蔑视的.

contemptible

adj.可轻蔑的; 可鄙的; 卑劣的, deserving of disrespect

analogous

similar, comparable, a.类似的,相似的

grievous

very serious and causing great pain 使人痛苦的,令人伤心的

canto

n.长诗中的篇(相当于书中的"章")

barring

prep. 除非,不包括, Excluding

avuncular

a.伯父的,伯父似的,, like an uncle, especially a nice uncle

bereave

lost a relative or close friends 丧失(亲友)

vivify

vt.给与生气,使生动,使活跃, to make more lively

append

V. /追加,附上/attach. When you append a bibliography to a text, you have just created an appendix.

appraise

v.评价,鉴定, evaluate

appreciate

V. /感激;增值;赏识/be thankful for; increase in worth; be thor¬oughly conscious of. Little Orphan Annie truly appreciated the stocks Daddy Warbucks gave her, which appreciated in value considerably over the years.

prejudice

An opinion or strong feeling formed without careful thought or regard to the facts.偏见,成见,损害,侵害

appropriate

suitable and fitting,适当的,恰如其分的

galore

n. 丰富 adv. 丰富地, adj. Abundant.

curmudgeon

n.乖戾的(老)人, 脾气坏的人, 爱争吵的(老)家伙,, bad-tempered (old) person

shield

n.防护物, 护罩, 盾, 盾状物 vt.(from) 保护, 防护 v.遮蔽, protect, defend, safeguard

coddle

V. /娇养,溺爱/to treat gently. Don't coddle the children so much; they need a taste of discipline.

astringent

a.止血的,收缩的;n.收缩剂,止血剂, binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism

manifest

Obvious; show clearly,表明,显示,. 明白的,显然的

thesis

theme, meaning, or position,论文,论题,论点

cogitate

think over v. 思考,考虑,思惟

invalid

n.病人 a.有病的, 无效的., sickly or disabled person, Ineffective or illegal

verifiable

#adj.能作证的,能证实的
, able to be proved

unanimous

completely agree 全体一致的, 一致同意的

dominate

vt.统治,支配,控制, to rule over by strength or power, control, to tower over, command due to height

derivative

unoriginal 缺乏创作的,模仿他人的,衍生的,衍生物

deride

V. /打趣;取消/ridicule; make fun of. The critics derided his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seri¬ously. derision,

depress

"1 v 压下,压低(声调等),放低([opp]raise)2 v 使沮丧;使萧条", sadden, discourage, make gloomy

vocation

a regular occupation, especially one which a person is particularly suited,(认为特别适合自己的)工作,职业,信心,使命感.

centurion

古罗马的百人队长, Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)

artifice

n.巧办法;诡计, N. /技巧;欺骗/deception; trickery. The Trojan War proved to the Greeks that cunning and artifice were often more effec¬tive than military might.

diurnal

1. daily; occurring in a day or every day
2. active during the daytime rather than at night,日间活动的

salvage

V. /补救;抢救;打捞;营救/rescue from loss. All attempts to salvage the wrecked ship failed. also N.抢救财物

devalue

lower or a decrease in value, v.降低价值;贬值

ambidextrous

able to use both hands with equal skill,两手都善用的.,

myth

神话,, A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.

cacophony

harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose; the opposite of euphony,刺耳的嘈杂声,不和谐声音.

imminent

adj. about to happen, threatening,(尤其指不好的事)即将来临,逼近的.

comparative

adj.比较的, 相当的,, a word used when saying how two things are alike or different

tolerate

vt.忍受,容忍,宽恕, to put up with, to bear

siege

n.包围,围攻,, A military strategy in which an army surrounds a town or fort, bombards it, and waits for the enemy to surrender

benignant

beneficial; kindly, especially to inferiors, 仁慈、親切的

nutriment

n. 营养物,食物,营养素,, anything that nourishes; food

penetrate

vt.穿透, 渗透, 看穿, 洞察 vi.刺入, 看穿, 渗透, 弥漫, v. to force into or through; to see into; to move emotionally

anticlimaz

abrupt decling from the dignified or important to the trivial or ludicrus; comedown; bathos,虎头蛇尾,令人扫兴的结局 ,(修饰)突降法

vulnerable

open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged unprotected,易受伤害的,易受攻击的,脆弱的的

avert

v. to turn aside, turn away; to prevent, avoid, 防止,避免,转移(目光等)

occupant

n.占有者,居住者tenant, dweller

redress

v. to set right, remedy; relief from wrong or injury,修正,纠正,矫正

highlight

v. 突出显示,强调,, the most interesting or memorable part

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth,贪心,贪婪

shun

避开,避免;回避,, To keep away from; avoid consistently

unparalleled

a.无比的,无双的,空前未有的, having no parallel, hence unequaled

enact

vt.制定法律, 颁布, 扮演, to make legal or official

frivolous

ADJ. /轻佻的;嬉皮笑脸的/lacking in seriousness; self-indulgently care¬free; relatively unimportant. Though Nancy enjoyed Bill's frivolous, lighthearted companionship, she sometimes won¬dered whether he could ever be serious. frivolity, N.

marsh

low land with moist soil and tall grasses, n.沼泽地,湿地

supposition

hypothesis; the act of supposing, n.猜想,推测

census

n.人口普查,, a periodic and official count of a country's population

elusive

ADJ. /难懂的,难捉摸的;令人困惑的/evasive; baffling; hard to grasp. Trying to pin down exactly when the contractors would be finished remodeling the house, Nancy was frustrated by their elusive replies. elude,V.

solemn

serious and sincere; revered sincerely and seriously严肃的,庄严的

diabolical

extremely evil or cruel,恶魔的

unaccountable

ADJ. /无责任的;无法解释的/inexplicable; unreasonable or mysteri¬ous. I have taken an unaccountable dislike to my doctor: "I do not love thee, Doctor Fell. The reason why, I cannot tell."

deference

n. respect; regard for another's wish,顺从,尊重

amtediluvian

(<圣经>中所说的)大洪水前的,上古的,古风的, old, outdated

feint

v./n.佯攻,佯击,伪装, a false appearance, a false appearance, a fake punch to occupy defenses allowing a real blow

digression

a message that departs from the main subject离题

retrospective

ADJ. /回顾的/looking back on the past. The Museum of Graphic Arts is holding a retrospective showing of the paintings of Michael Whelan over the past two decades.

pursue

vt.追赶, 追踪, 追击, 继续, 从事,, go in search of or hunt for

heedful

paying close attention to,注意的,留心的

haste

n.匆忙,急速;草率 v.赶快;匆忙, overly eager speed (and possible carelessness)

hail

n.冰雹;v.致敬,赞扬, praise vociferously, Balls or lumps of ice that fall from clouds

dignity

n.(举止,态度等的)庄严,端庄;尊贵,高贵, worthy of esteem or respect; nobility

bask

vi.晒太阳(享受温暖), 感到温暖, 愉快或舒适,, (v.) to be in, or expose oneself to, pleasant warmth; to take pleasure in or derive enjoyment from

repetition

the act of doing or performing again,重复,反复

awry

扭曲的,走样的,错误的, (adj., adv.) In a turned or twisted position or direction; wrong, out of the right or hoped-for course

ensue

(v.) to follow in order, come immediately after and as a result,继而发生的,接着发生的

lustrous

shiny, glowing,有光泽的,光亮的,光辉灿烂的,(品德或声誉上)杰出的

deducible

ADJ. /可推导的,可推论的/derived by reasoning. If we accept your premise, your conclusions are easily deducible.

reminiscence

n.回想,回忆,话旧,怀旧,记忆力, a calling to mind, recollection

variegate

to diversify,使多样化

dutiful

adj.忠实的, 顺从的, 守本分的, 恭敬的, 孝敬的, (adj) respectful; obedient

inveigle

To acquire by ingenuity or flattery, v.诱骗,诱使

topple

v.倾覆,推倒, 倒下。fall down, as if collapsing

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