a form of social organization in which males dominate females
crisis of masculinity
Label created by Connell (1995) & Faludi (1992)to describe the increasing feminisation of masculine roles and female access to previously male social and economic priviledges. This is causing a 'crisis' for men as increasingly they cannot find a socially productive 'not feminine' masculine identity in a society where women have diversified and incorporated so many aspects beyond traditional femininity. (for example men rejecting education as it has become feminised)
loss of power and traditional masculinity
The Male Gaze
in classical hollywood film, essentially, the camera looks from the perspective of a man; women are objects to be looked at; Laura Mulvey "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema"
the movement aimed at equal rights for women
A conceptual shift within the popular understanding of feminism from an emphasis on the systemic oppression of all women to the empowerment of individual women.Emphasis on women choosing what role/ image they want, even if it is an image previously stigmatised as sexist e.g. sex object
The pleasure that comes from the process of looking.
The process of experiencing pleasure by watching a desired object or person from a distance.
Women's bodies are seen as things/objects; women are bodies, not people. Turning a person into a thing is often the first step toward justifying violence against her. Women are dehumanized; not life-like. A woman is presented as a body, not a person; she has no personality.
Reversal of The Gaze
Whereby men are viewed through the lens from a female perspective and for female erotic gratification - a more recent feminist appropriation of The Male Gaze