Chinese Vocabulary Ch. 1 - 5

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130 terms · New Practical Chinese Reader (2nd Edition) - Vocabulary from Chapters 1 thru 5

yī one

Dīng (surname)

qī seven

bù not / no

不用

bùyòng need not

qiě and

zhōng middle

中国

Zhōngguó China

yě too / also

le (modal particle, aspect particle)

èr two

wǔ five

jǐng well

rén person / people

什么

shénme what?

tā he / him (pronoun)

他们

tāmen they / them (pronoun)

men (suffix used after pronouns 我, 你, 他 or certain nouns)

nǐ you (pronoun)

俄国

Éguó Russia

儿子

érzi son

先生

xiānsheng sir / mister

bā eight

liù six

zài again

再见

zàijiàn goodbye

dāo knife

lì strength

加拿大

Jiānádà Canada

医生

yīshēng doctor

shí ten

yòu again

kǒu mouth

zhǐ only

jiào to be called (verb)

kě can / may

可以

kěyǐ may / able to

hào ordinal number

同事

tóngshì colleague / co-worker

ma (particle used for a question expecting yes-no answer)

ne (particle used for subjects already mentioned)

咖啡

kāfēi coffee

哥哥

gēge elder brother

nǎ which

hē to drink (verb)

sì four

guó country / nation

tǔ earth

zài to be (here, there) / to be (in, on, at) (verb)

zuò to sit (verb)

外婆

wàipó maternal grandmother

外语

wàiyǔ foreign language

dà big

nǚ female

奶奶

nǎinai paternal grandmother

tā she / her (pronoun)

hǎo good / well / OK (adjective)

妈妈

māma mom

xìng surname (verb/noun)

xué to learn / to study (verb)

学习

xuéxí to learn / to study (verb)

学生

xuésheng student

学院

xuéyuàn college / institution

宿舍

sùshè dormitory

对不起

duìbuqǐ I'm sorry

xiǎo small / little

小姐

xiǎojie young lady / miss

ní nun

céng floor / story (of a building)

弟弟

dìdi younger brother

hěn very (adverb)

德国

Déguó Germany

xīn heart

máng busy (adjective)

nín you (formal)

wǒ I / me (pronoun)

我们

wǒmen we / us

shǒu hand

wén written language

rì sun

日本

Rìběn Japan

shì to be (verb)

wǎn late (adjective)

yuè moon / month

朋友

péngyou friend

mù wood

lái to come (verb)

Yáng (surname)

shuǐ water

汉语

Hànyǔ Chinese (language)

没关系

méi guānxi nevermind / it doesn't matter

法国

Fǎguó France

huǒ fire

爸爸

bàba dad

yù jade

shēng to be born (suffix denoting person)

tián field

nán male

bái white

de (a possessive or modifying particle)

知道

zhīdao to know (verb)

经理

jīnglǐ manager

美国

Měiguó U.S.A.

老师

lǎoshī teacher

zhě person / thing

英国

Yīngguó England

yào to want (verb)

jiàn to see (verb)

认识

rènshi to know (somebody)

记者

jìzhě reporter

语言

yǔyán language

qǐng to please (verb)

请问

qǐngwèn May I ask...?

shéi who / whom

谢谢

xièxie to thank (verb)

贝壳

bèiké shell

贵姓

guìxìng what is your surname?

zhè this

jìn to enter (verb)

进来

jìnlái to come in (verb)

nà that

dōu both / all

mén door

wèn to ask (verb)

Chén (surname)

líng zero

餐厅

cāntīng dining hall

mǎ horse

gāo tall

高兴

gāoxìng happy / pleased

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