Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

anatomical position

standing, arms hanging, palms forward, standing or sitting

planes of the body

a plane is a surface in which if any two points are taken, a straight line that is drawn to join these two point lies wholly within that plane or surface

sagittal

a plane running front to back

transverse plane

a plane that divides the body or limbs into upper and lower parts

frontal

a plane dividing the body into an anterioor and posterior portion

anterior

towards the front

posterior

towards the back

superior

towards the head

inferior

towards the feet

proximal

nearest; closer to any point of reference

distal

remote; farther from any point of reference

lateral

a point that is more distant from the median plane/side positions

medial

a point that is closer to the midsagittal plane

AP

front to back; front is closest to the x-ray machine

PA

back to front; back is closest to the x-ray machine

fluoroscopy

x-ray procedure that allows the visualization of the internal organs in motion

MRI

uses magnetism, radio waves and a computer to produce images of body structures

tomography

producing a two-dimensional image of a slice or section

biometry

the application of a statistical method to a biologic fact

position

how the patient is placed during the x-ray exam

projection

the path of the x-ray beam

prone

the patient is lying on their front

decubitus

recumbent positions

oblique

obtained while the body is rotated

tangential

allows the x-ray beam to skim the body part

axial

any projection that allows the beam to pass through the body part lengthwise

professional components

the services of the physician, including the supervision of the taking of the x-ray film and interpretation

technical

the service of the tech, as well as the use of the equipment, film, and other supplies

global

both services

-TC

used to report the technical component

CAT

computed axial tomography

angiography

visualization of blood vessels with contrast

ultrasound

the use of high-frequency sound waves to image anatomic structures and detect illness and disease

interventional radiologist

a physician who is skilled in both surgical procedure and the radiology portion

A-mode

a one-dimensional display

M-mode

one-dimensional display of movement

B-scan

two-dimensional dsiplay of the movement of tissues and organs

real time scan

two-dimensional display of both the structure and the motion of tissue and organs

dosimetry

the calculation of the radiation dose and placement

MeV

megaelectron volts, a unit of energy

Gray

the energy that is deposited in the patient's tissue/one Gray=100 rads

rad

radiation-absorbed dose

brachytherapy

the placement of radioactive material directly into or surrounding the site of the tumor

source

a container holding a radioactive element that can be inserted directly into the body/seed,capsules or ribbon

nuclear medicine

placement of radionuclides within the body and the monitoring of emissions

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set