Chapters 4 & 5

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Humanities 1 - The Humanistic Tradition This is from the online quiz from LoneStar College.

Two forms of Drama for the Greeks were:

Comedy and Tragedy

In Greek Theater, a successful tragedy produces what?

A catharsis or cleansing

When were the Greek Olympics started and why?

776 BC to honor the gods

The Greek word hubris means:

Excessive pride

In Minoan writings, what do we know about linear script A and B?

Neither can be deciphered

Define Kouros:

Male Youth

In general, as one looks at the progression of Greek Stylistic developments in sculpture, one can see and surmise that:

They move from being stiff and frontal to more life like as time progresses

True or False: A quality of ancient Greek Music is it is a single unaccompanied line of melody.

True

Listening to the selection of Greek music and reading the text, we can conclude that ancient Greek music is:

Monophonic

Name two musical instruments used by the ancient Greeks:

Cithera and Lyre

The Greek reinterpretation of the Eqyptian Isis/Osirus concept is shown:

In the myth of Persephone, Hades and Demeter

How did the Greek Demos differ from our democracy today?

Athenian Democracy was exclusive, ruling out women and slaves.

Identify the architectural style of the building shown:

Ionic

Who was Vitruvius?

He wrote on symmetry of the temple and the human body.

Sappho's poems such as the Reading 1.9 relates to us:

1) THIS world is ever important to the Greeks
2)Sensuality
3) That death is an evil

What is the differences between an Ode and a Lyric?

1) Lyric is sung with a lute accompaniment
2)Ode often served as a public eulogy
3)Lyric often gives voice to deep and expressive feeling

What is the difference between a Hymn and a Lyric?

1) Hymn is for divine praise.

In the Greek temple, the cult statue of a god or goddess was placed where:

In the cella

Only half of the Parthenon's ancient sculptures survive and half of these are in another country. Where are they?

England

Why are the Greeks called the Humanists of the ancient world?

Their art, literature and religious beliefs celebrated human life.

Who was Arthur Evans?

British archaeologists famous for unearthing the palace of Knossos Crete.

On Crete, was there a need for protective walls around the administrative centers?

No

What is a fresco?

Painting done on fresh plaster in order to obtain finished durable painting.

By what time did writing appear in Crete?

2000 BCE

What is a minotaur?

A monstrous half-man, half-bull hybrid born of Minos' Queen and sacred white bull.

Who destroyed the Mycenean culture?

The Dorians

Who is thought to have written the Illiad?

Homer

What does the Odyssey convey?

Odysseus journey to return home and resume authority, as King of Ithaca.

How were Greek gods viewed by the ancients?

As a family of (mischievous) immortals who intervened in the lives of humans.

Who is considered the world's first historian?

Herodotus, "Father of History"

How does Greek democracy differ from ours?

Citizens had powers to make laws and approve state policy. (Not women and slaves though.)

Why and WHEN are the Greek Olympics?

To honor the Greek gods, every four years.

How did Greeks mark time?

By the Greek Olympics

What was the role of women in the Greek Olympics?

They were not allowed to compete in games, but they did hold their own separate games.

What did Greek drama address? What did it grow out of?

Relationships between individuals, the community and the gods

Define Protagonist

Leading character in a play or story

Tragedy should inspire catharsis in the viewer. What is this?

Purification or cleansing

Which of the early philosophers viewed water as the fundamental substance of all matter?

Thales

Who is considered the founding father of mathematics?

Pythagoras

Who is the father of medicine?

Hippocrates

Define Hubris

Excessive pride; arrogance

Define Antagonist

Character that directly opposes protagonist in drama or fiction.

Allegory of the Cave reveals what about humankind? What world does the psyche belong to?

It reveals the spirit/matter, mind/body connection. The psyche belongs to the World of Eternal Forms.

Plato's ideas in the Allegory of the Cave may have roots in this eastern culture's religion.

Hindu Atman

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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