A2 Methods summer Workbook: Key terms

10 terms by gabbyselwyn-smith 

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Objectivity

Unbiased value-free knowledge- The ability to explore/ research the social world without being bias; to be as scientific as possible; an approach favoured by positivists.

Validity

Where the data provides a true and accurate description or measurement of the social reality of those being researched.

Ethics

What is seen as morally right and wrong when conducting research, such as confidentiality, anonymity, privacy and the right to withdraw.

Reliability

The ability to repeat research and gainthe same or similar results e.g. consistent results.

Representativeness

The extent to which the sample selected is a fair reflection of the target population.

Generalisability

The ability to make claims about the target population from the research findings.

Operationalising

Translating concepts into a measureable form by using indecators.

Rapport

Relation of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people; a relaxed and informal relationship between people you're studying.

Verstehen

The ability to gain empathy to see the perspective from the people you're studying( to get into their skin).

Content analysis

The systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided by some rationale e.g. sociologist.

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