Pathology comp final

19 terms by JessicaEp

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chronic bronchitis

a cough for three consecutive months for two years

pleural effusion

excessive fluid on the pleural space

pulmonary edema

swelling of alveolar walls and interstitial spaces which result in white/pink frothy sputum

pulmonary embolism

a blood clot in the artery with in the lung

myasthenia gravis

signs are droopy eyelids,double vision,and muscle weakness that comes and goes

ALS

is diagnosed by ruling out other disorders

GB

usually preceded by an infection or immunization,
results in the immune system attacking the myelin sheath

DMD

affects mostly males at birth.
known for degeneration of muscles with increasing severe weakness

pulmonary fibrosis

scarring of the lung tissue due to an inhaled particle

cystic fibrosis

symptoms are: failure to grow,greasy stools,salty skin,chronic cough
Due to an inherited defect in chromosome 7

RSV

caused by a virus .in older children Nd adults it may be just a \"common cold\"

IRDS

is also known as hyaline membrane disease
it is due to a lack of surfactant from immature lung development

bronchopulmonary dysplasia

from high pressures and high FiO2 from being ventilated for more than 7 days

meconium aspiration

occurs usually in term or post term infants after they aspirate fetal bowels in amniotic fluid

diaphragmatic hernia

is when the diaphragm protrudes through the lung which usually results in emergency surgery

PDA

systolic murmur aka \" washing machine\" heard in upper left sternal border

tetrology of fallot

is made up of four cadiac defects

transposition of great vessels

is when the aorta rises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery rises from left ventricle

TTN

AKA Type II Respiratory Distress Syndrome
The neonate may have good APGAR scores at birth but deteriorates a few hours later

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