GoPo Ch. 4, sect. 3

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Interstate compacts

Agreements among States and with foreign states; more than 200 pacts are currently in force

2 interstate compacts joined by all 50 States

1 - Compact for the Supervision of Parolees and Probationers
2 - Compact on Juveniles

Full Faith and Credit

Article IV, section 1: "Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State" - every State has to recognize and respect the validity of the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State

Public acts

Refers to the laws of a State

Records

Refers to documents such as birth, death, and marriage certificates, deeds to property, car registrations, etc.

Judicial proceedings

Relate to the outcomes of court actions: damage awards, probating of wills, divorce decrees, etc.

2 exceptions to Full Faith and Credit Clause

1 - Clause applies only to civil matters - not criminal; hence one State cannot enforce another State's criminal law
2 - Full faith and credit need not be given to certain divorces granted by one State to residents of another State; person who obtained a divorce has to be a resident of the State granting the divorce or another State can refuse to recognize the divorce

Extradition

Legal process stated in Article IV, section 2, by which a fugitive from justice in one State can be returned to that State; prevents a person from escaping justice by fleeing from a State

Privileges and Immunities Clause

Article IV, section 2; no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those of people who live in another State; every State must recognize the right of any American to travel in or become a resident of that State; does allow for "reasonable" distinctions between a State's own residents and residents of other States

"Reasonable" distinctions allowed by Privileges and Immunities Clause

Examples:
1 - State can require a person live within the State for a certain period of time before being able to vote, hold public office, or practice law, medicine, dentistry, etc.
2 - State can require nonresidents to pay higher fees for fishing or hunting licenses than those paid by State residents
3 - State colleges and universities can require out-of-state students to pay higher tuition rates than in-state students

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