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Asepsis

1. Freedom from infection. 2. Prevention of contact with microorganisms

Bacteria

Microscopic, single-celled organisms without a nucleus; classified by size and shape, i.e., rod, round, or spiral

Blood-borne pathogens

Disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the blood

Disease

Any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of a part, organ, or system of the body as manifested by characteristic symptoms and signs; the etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.

Disinfectant

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Fungi

Plural form of fungus, which is a general term used to describe a group of protists, characterized by a lack of chlorophyll and the presence of a rigid cell wall. Examples include mushrooms, yeasts, rusts, and molds

Fomite

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Host

An animal or plant that nourishes another organism

Nosocomial

Pertaining to or originating in the hospital

Microorganism

Microscopic organism

Medical asepsis

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Infection

Invasion and multiplication of microorganisms or parasites in body tissues

Iatrogenic

Induced by the activities or therapy of a physician

Immunity

A condition of acquired or natural resistance to disease

Pathogen

Any disease-causing microscopic organism

Reservoir

A carrier or host that provides a place for a pathogen to thrive, usually without injury to the host/carrier

Standard Precautions

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Sterilization

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Surgical asepsis

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Vector

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Virus

A minute parasitic organism that can only replicate within a living cell

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