Stanley Milgram study
'teacher' asked the question, 'student' was shocked when he got it wrong. the experimenter told the teacher to continue shocking the student even after he had completely stopped responding. 2/3 of the subjects obeyed, although they tried to quit. his predictions were totally off, but concluded that people can be coerced into doing things they wouldn't normally
an undesirable characteristic or label used to others to deny the deviant full social acceptance
The view that anomie results when socially defined goals (such as wealth and power) are universally mandated but access to legitimate means (such as education and job opportunities) is stratified by class and status.
cultural transmission theory
Deviance is part of a subculture; it is transmitted through socialization
a measurement of poverty based on a percentage of the median income in a given location
There are three major sociological perspectives. The structural-functionalist perspective focuses on the way various parts of society are structured and interrrelated to maintain stability and order. The conflict perspective emphasizes how the various elements of society promote inequality and conflict among groups of people. Symbolic interactionism seeks to understand society and social structure through the interactions of people and the ways in which they subjectively define their worlds.
movement of individuals or groups from one position in a society's stratification system to another
World systems analysis
a view of the global economic system as one divided between certain industrialized nations that control wealth and developing countries that are controlled and exploited
the process in which countries are increasingly linked to each other through culture and trade
Feminization of poverty
the trend toward more and more of the poor in the US being women and children
the likelihood of securing the "good things in life" such as housing, education, good health, and food
firms in highly industrialized societies with operating facilities throughout the world
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social significance
the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
money migrant send back to family and friends in their home coutnries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many poorer coutnries
a category of people who are set apart for unequal treatment because of physical or cultural characteristics
discrimination that results from unfair practices that are part of the structure of society and have grown out of traditionally accepted behaviors
the invisible barrier that prevents women and minorities from advancing to the top jobs in organizations
a set of behaviors organized around how either a male or female should think and behave
a process by which society creates unequal access to recourses based solely on the fact that people are either male or female. The basis for this inequality must strictly be the fact that the person is either male or female.