Chapter 7: Under the Hood

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The ___________ number system uses the digits 0-9 and the symbols A-F.

hexadecimal

Which of the following sequences lists the speed of memory from the fastest to the slowest?

RAM, Level 2 cache, Level 1 cache, registers

registers, Level 1 cache, Level 2 cache, RAM

RAM, Level 1 cache, Level 2 cache, registers

registers, Level 2 cache, Level 1 cache, RAM

registers, Level 1 cache, Level 2 cache, RAM

A byte is composed of ___________ bits.

8

Unicode uses ___________ bits to code character data

16

The earliest generation of electronic used ___________ as switches.

vacuum tubes

___________ is the semiconductor material used to make transistors.

Silicon

All of the commands in an instruction set are written in ___________ language, which is easier for humans to work with than binary.

assembly

The main purpose of the decode stage is for the CPU's ___________ to translate program instructions into commands the CPU can understand.

control unit

The CPU processing cycle has how many steps?

4

The collection of commands that a specific CPU executes is called its ___________ set.

instruction

The ___________ is the box that contains the central electronic components of the computer.

system unit

A(n) ___________ system is an organized plan for representing a number.

number

Registers are the most expensive, fastest ___________ in a computer.

memory

___________ is the first step of the CPU machine cycle.

Fetch

True or False?
Serial processing uses a large network of computers, with each computer simultaneously working on a section of the same problem

False

True or False?
All data input into a computer will be stored as a string of 1s and 0s

True

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