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Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into

A. synaptic gaps.
B. the bloodstream.
C. the limbic system.
D. sensory neurons.

the bloodstream

Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n)

A. EEG.
B. synapse.
C. lesion.
D. MRI.

lesion

After Kato's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum. Kato is most likely to have difficulty

A. reading printed words.
B. understanding what others are saying.
C. tasting the flavors of foods.
D. playing his guitar.

playing his guitar

A brain tumor caused extensive damage to Mr. Thorndike's hypothalamus. It is most likely that he may suffer a loss of

A. visual perception.
B. muscular coordination.
C. sexual motivation.
D. language comprehension.

sexual motivation

Your conscious awareness of your own name and self-identity depends primarily on the normal functioning of your

A. cerebellum.
B. amygdala.
C. hypothalamus.
D. cerebral cortex.

cerebral cortex

Which of the following body parts is associated with the greatest amount of brain tissue in the motor cortex?

A. arms
B. face
C. torso
D. knees

face

The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in

A. children who have had a cerebral hemisphere surgically removed.
B. people paralyzed by a severed spinal cord.
C. individuals with Alzheimer's disease.
D. split-brain patients.

children who have had a cerebral hemisphere surgically removed.

Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to

A. solve arithmetic problems.
B. copy drawings.
C. recognize faces.
D. recognize familiar melodies.

solve arithmetic problems

Hearing a sequence of sounds of different pitches is to ________ as recognizing the sound sequence as a familiar melody is to ________.

A. absolute threshold; difference threshold
B. sensory interaction; feature detection
C. feature detection; sensory interaction
D. sensation; perception

sensation; perception

A subliminal message is one that is presented

A. below one's absolute threshold for conscious awareness.
B. in a manner that is unconsciously persuasive.
C. with very soft background music.
D. repetitiously.

below one's absolute threshold for conscious awareness.

After listening to your high-volume car stereo for 15 minutes, you fail to realize how loudly the music is blasting. This best illustrates

A. Weber's law.
B. accommodation.
C. sensory adaptation.
D. interposition.

sensory adaptation

Humans experience the longest visible electromagnetic waves as the color ________ and the shortest visible waves as ________.

A. blue-violet; red
B. red; green
C. red; blue-violet
D. black; white

red; blue-violet

Rods are

A. more light-sensitive and more color-sensitive than are cones.
B. less light-sensitive and less color-sensitive than are cones.
C. more light-sensitive and less color-sensitive than are cones.
D. less light-sensitive and more color-sensitive than are cones.

more light-sensitive and less color-sensitive than are cones.

As a jackhammer operator who has experienced prolonged exposure to high-amplitude drilling, Alex is beginning to lose his hearing. It is most likely that this hearing loss results from damage to

A. the auditory canal.
B. hair cells.
C. ganglion cells.
D. bipolar cells.

hair cells

Damage to the hammer, anvil, and stirrup is most likely to cause

A. prosopagnosia.
B. sensorineural hearing loss.
C. phantom limb sensations.
D. conduction hearing loss.

conduction hearing loss

Which of the following play the biggest role in our feeling dizzy and unbalanced after a thrilling roller coaster ride?

A. olfactory receptors
B. feature detectors
C. basilar membranes
D. semicircular canals

semicircular canals

Infant rats deprived of their mothers' grooming touch produce

A. less growth hormone and have a higher metabolic rate.
B. more growth hormone and have a lower metabolic rate.
C. less growth hormone and have a lower metabolic rate.
D. more growth hormone and have a higher metabolic rate.

less growth hormone and have a lower metabolic rate.

During the months when there is a large amount of pollen in the air, your hay fever severely affects your sense of smell. At the same time your food all seems to taste the same. This illustrates the importance of

A. sensory interaction.
B. accommodation.
C. serial processing.
D. sensory adaptation.

sensory interaction.

The principles of connectedness and closure best illustrate that

A. sensations are organized into meaningful patterns.
B. perception is the direct product of sensation.
C. cultural experiences shape perception.
D. visual information is especially likely to capture our attention.

sensations are organized into meaningful patterns.

Infants who were exposed to the visual cliff

A. tried to climb up the cliff if their mothers were at the top.
B. gave no evidence that they could perceive depth.
C. refused to cross over the "deep" side to their mothers.
D. eagerly crossed to their mothers by means of the "bridge" provided.

refused to cross over the "deep" side to their mothers.

Because she mistakenly thought she was much closer to the mountain than she actually was, Fiona perceived the mountain to be ________ than it actually was.

A. higher
B. smaller
C. more richly colorful
D. larger

smaller

Jody's horse looks just as black in the brilliant sunlight as it does in the dim light of the stable. This illustrates what is known as

A. perceptual set.
B. sensory interaction.
C. lightness constancy.
D. the phi phenomenon.

lightness constancy.

Rebecca was born with cataracts that were not surgically removed until she was 3 years old. As a result, Rebecca is most likely to

A. have lost visual receptor cells in her eyes.
B. be unable to perceive figure-ground relationships.
C. have inadequate neural connections in her visual cortex.
D. be unable to sense colors.

have inadequate neural connections in her visual cortex.

Stereotypes are mental conceptions that can strongly influence the way we interpret the behaviors of individuals belonging to specific racial or ethnic groups. A stereotype is most similar to a

A. feature detector.
B. perceptual adaptation.
C. perceptual set.
D. difference threshold.

perceptual set

Psychologists are skeptical about the existence of ESP because

A. ESP researchers frequently accept evidence that they know is fraudulent.
B. there is no way to scientifically test claims of ESP.
C. many apparent demonstrations of ESP have been shown to be staged illusions.
D. of all of these reasons.

many apparent demonstrations of ESP have been shown to be staged illusions

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