psych final part 9

24 terms by megpadilla19 

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Alexis is socially withdrawn and has few close friends. This behavior is most likely to be diagnosed as a symptom of psychological disorder if it is

A. also noticeable in other members of her family.
B. preventing her from functioning effectively.
C. not caused by a biological disorder.
D. difficult for her to change.

preventing her from functioning effectively.

It would be most difficult to use the ________ to explain why anorexia nervosa occurs mostly in Western cultures.

A. learning perspective
B. medical model
C. social-cognitive perspective
D. biopsychosocial approach

medical model

DSM-IV-TR is most likely to be criticized for

A. attempting to explain behavior by simply labeling it.
B. classifying an excessively broad range of human behaviors as psychologically disordered.
C. failing to base diagnoses on observable behaviors.
D. inhibiting scientific efforts to discover the underlying causes of psychological disorders.

classifying an excessively broad range of human behaviors as psychologically disordered.

After George learned that Mrs. Min suffered from schizophrenia, he mistakenly concluded that her tendencies to laugh easily and smile frequently were symptoms of her disorder. This best illustrates the

A. unreliability of DSM-IV-TR.
B. shortcomings of the medical model.
C. biasing power of diagnostic labels.
D. dangers of the biopsychosocial approach.

biasing power of diagnostic labels.

Rishi, a college student, complains that he feels apprehensive and fearful most of the time but doesn't know why. Without warning, his heart begins to pound, his hands get icy, and he breaks out in a cold sweat. Rishi most likely suffers from

A. bipolar disorder.
B. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
C. generalized anxiety disorder.
D. a phobia.

generalized anxiety disorder.

While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly overwhelmed by feelings of intense apprehension. For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath. Matthew was most likely suffering from

A. bipolar disorder.
B. a panic attack.
C. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
D. a delusion.

a panic attack.

Sadie is so fearful of being overwhelmed by anxiety that she rarely steps outside her apartment. The thought of going shopping and getting lost in a crowd terrifies her, so she has her groceries delivered. Because of her fear, she earns her living as a freelance writer, working at home. Sadie's behavior is most characteristic of

A. agoraphobia.
B. generalized anxiety disorder.
C. somatoform disorder.
D. obsessive-compulsive disorder.

agoraphobia.

The billionaire aviator Howard Hughes insisted that his assistants carry out elaborate hand-washing rituals and wear white gloves when handling any document he would later touch. His behavior best illustrated the symptoms of

A. antisocial personality disorder.
B. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
C. bipolar disorder.
D. schizophrenia.

obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Two years after being brutally beaten and raped, Brianna still experiences jumpy anxiety and has trouble sleeping and vivid flashbacks of her assault. Brianna is most clearly showing signs of

A. panic disorder.
B. post-traumatic stress disorder.
C. generalized anxiety disorder.
D. conversion disorder.

post-traumatic stress disorder.

Although Adderall is a ________ drug, it is commonly used in the treatment of ________.

A. stimulant; PTSD
B. stimulant; ADHD
C. depressant; PTSD
D. depressant; ADHD

stimulant; ADHD

Julius is obsessed with avoiding germs and feels compelled to bathe at least 10 times a day. His therapist suggests that Julius continues his maladaptive bathing because this behavior temporarily reduced his anxiety on many past occasions. The therapist's suggestion most directly reflects a ________ perspective.

A. biological
B. learning
C. psychoanalytic
D. humanistic

learning

We can more easily extinguish a fear of driving a car than a fear of holding snakes. This is best explained from a ________ perspective.

A. learning
B. biological
C. psychoanalytic
D. humanistic

biological

Rachel is convinced that her occasional headaches are caused by a malignant brain tumor. Although several physicians have assured her that she has no serious physical problem, Rachel continues to seek medical attention for a brain tumor. Her behavior provides an example of

A. dissociative disorder.
B. generalized anxiety disorder.
C. hypochondriasis.
D. obsessive-compulsive disorder.

hypochondriasis.

Skeptics have suggested that the role-playing of fantasy-prone patients in response to the leading questions of therapists has often contributed to

A. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
B. dissociative identity disorder.
C. bipolar disorder.
D. agoraphobia.

dissociative identity disorder.

For the last month, Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. She has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. Gabrielle is most likely suffering from

A. agoraphobia.
B. major depressive disorder.
C. PTSD.
D. antisocial personality disorder.

major depressive disorder.

Elmer, the owner of an auto service station, suddenly began smashing the front fenders and hoods of two customers' cars. When asked why, he excitedly explained that he was transforming the cars into "real racing machines." When an employee tried to restrain him, he shouted that everybody was fired and quickly began breaking the car windows. Elmer is exhibiting symptoms of

A. a dissociative disorder.
B. catatonia.
C. a panic attack.
D. mania.

mania.

Research regarding depression indicates that

A. depression is typically unrelated to stressful life events.
B. depression is unlikely to be overcome without professional help.
C. depression is associated with abnormally high levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin.
D. with each new generation, depression is increasing in its prevalence.

with each new generation, depression is increasing in its prevalence.

The risk of suicide is greatest when people

A. anticipate the onset of a depressive episode.
B. experience the first symptoms of a depressive episode.
C. experience depressive symptoms at their most extreme levels of severity.
D. begin to rebound from their depression.

begin to rebound from their depression.

Inanna suffers from chronic depression. According to the social-cognitive perspective, how is she most likely to respond when told that she performed very poorly on a test she took the previous day?

A. "I'm academically incompetent and always will be."
B. "Yesterday was just my unlucky day."
C. "I suspect that none of the students in my class did well on that test."
D. "Hardly any of the professors are effective teachers."

"I'm academically incompetent and always will be."

Schizophrenia is most likely to be characterized by

A. disorganized and fragmented thinking.
B. a lack of guilt feelings.
C. alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism.
D. periodic intervals of uncontrollable violence.

disorganized and fragmented thinking.

People with reactive schizophrenia more often have the ________ symptoms that respond to drug therapy.

A. negative
B. positive
C. bipolar
D. unipolar

positive

Research on the causes of schizophrenia strongly suggests that

A. there is a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia.
B. almost anybody will develop schizophrenia if exposed to extensive environmental stress.
C. schizophrenia patients suffer from a deficiency of the neurotransmitter serotonin.
D. if adopted children's adoptive parents have schizophrenia, they will, too.

there is a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia.

Psychologists are LEAST likely to suggest that ________ contribute(s) to the development of schizophrenia.

A. neglectful child-rearing practices
B. prenatal viral infections
C. dopamine overactivity
D. shrinkage of cerebral tissue

neglectful child-rearing practices

Antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by

A. a persistent, irrational fear of people.
B. episodes of intense autonomic nervous system arousal.
C. disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity.
D. a lack of guilt feelings.

a lack of guilt feelings.

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