Chapter 24 Digestive System

Created by cheerbabe2108 

Upgrade to
remove ads

41 terms · Testbank Questions Multiple choice

Which of the following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?

Mixing and propulsion

Which of the following processes is the primary function of the mouth?

Ingestion

Which of the following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?

Absorption

Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?

Salivary Glands

Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?

Liver

Which of the following accessory organs stares bile?

Gallbladder

The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called

Motility

This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.

Lamina Propria

This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosato the muscularis.

Submucosa

This layer functions by secreting lubricating fluid.

Serosa

These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.

MALT

This plexus is located between the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis.

Myenteric Plexus

Why do emotions such as anger or fear slow digestion?

Because they stimulate the sympathetic nerves that supply the GI tract

This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils of the small intestine.

Greater omentum

This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.

Mesocolin

This is the anterior portion of the mouth;is formed by the maxillae and palatine bones; is covered by mucous membrane.

Hard palate

In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.

Palatopharyngeal arch

In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with...

Periodontal ligament

Deciduous molars are replaced by...

Bicuspids

Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?

UES standard abbreviations

How many stages of deglutition are there?

3

This structure of the stomach allows greater distention for food storage.

Rugae

Which of the following secrete gastric acid?

Parietal cells

This cell secretes the hormone that promotes production of gastric acid.

G cell

How long can food stay in the fundus before being mixed with gastric juices?

1 hour

This major duct carries a fluid rich in bicarbonate ions.

Bile Canaliculi

Which of the following gastric enzymes digest proteins?

Pepsin

This is the heaviest gland of the body.

Liver

This is found on the liver and is a remnant of the unbilical cord in a fetus.

Round ligament

This is the principle pigment in bile.

Bilirubin

Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?

Storage of bilirubin

Which of the following small intestine cells secrete lysozyme?

Paneth cells

Brunners glands

secrete mucous and an alkaline juice

Which of the following enzymes acts to produce monoglycerides as products?

Lipase

Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce monosaccarides?

Amylase

Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce smaller peptides from proteins?

Chymotrypsin

This hormone functions to counteract the effect of gastric acid in the small intestine.

Secretin

This hormone is stimulated by high levels of dietary fat in the small intestine.

Cholecytokinin

This digestive aid, produced by the stomach, begins digestion by denaturing proteins.

Hydrochloric Acid

This structure regulates the flow of material into the colon.

Ileocecal Sphincter

Which of the following is the primary function of the largeintestine?

Feces formation

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set