Sociology Test 2

Created by Ethanx94 

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Social Structure

Relationships, people/groups to one another

Social Interaction

What people do in one another's presence

Nonverbal Behavior

Movements culture has taught to express, specific manner

Exchange Interaction

People do something, purpose of reward

Cooperative Interaction

People act together, promote interests, achieve goals

Competition

Conflict, individuals/groups agree upon rules

Dramaturgy

Making impression, people play roles, performance judged by others (aware of slips), may reveal actor's true character

Status

Position, social group

Roles

Behaviors+obligations attached to status

Role Conflict

Expectations one role, incompatible w/ another

Role Strain

Conflicts w/i role

Deviance

Violation, norms

Crime

Violation, norms written into laws

Stigma

Characteristics, discredit people

Fxn Theory

Social stratification, social necessity.
Ea. society needs individuals, fill variety social roles.
Society must reward talented individuals, for utilized skills .

Social Order

Group's unusual/customary social arrangements

Genetic Predispositions

Unborn tendencies

Internal Means of Control

Operates on individual, even absence other's reactions

External Means of Control

Other's responses to person's behavior, rewards+punishments

Murder

Killing of one human to another.

Stalking

Efforts to establish relationship, against victim's will

Forcible Rape

Carnal knowledge of person, forcibly against will

Biological Theories

Deviance inherited, deviant people born, not made

Psychoanalytic theory

Freud, unconscious forces committing deviant acts

Crime and Individual Choice

Individual behavior, result rational choice

Strain Theory

Financial success combined w/ unequal access to legit means to achieve success

Control Theory

People free to violate norms, lack intimate attachments w/ parents, teachers, peers

Prison

Accomplish: separation, punishment, deterrence, rehabilitation (MEMORIZE)

Social Inequality

Uneven distribution, privileges, material rewards, opportunities, power, prestige, influence among individuals/groups

Social Mobility

Individual or group movement, one status to another

Absolute Poverty

Lack adequate income, basic survival needs

Relative Poverty

Meet basic needs, poor relative to majority of society

Greatest Poverty -Age-

children

Greatest Poverty -Race-

white

Greatest Poverty -Family Patterns-

single mothers

Greatest Poverty -Gender-

women

Greatest Poverty -Region-

rural areas

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