n is the process of learning
the roles, statuses, and values necessary
for participation in social institutions
freud and psychiatric theory
piaget and cognitive theory
Socialization is a contest
between the ID and
is the natural,
unsocialized, biological part
of self, including hunger and
is composed of internalized social
ideas about right and wrong.
piaget and cognitive develp.
Four stages of cognitive
1. Understand what they see,
touch, feel, smell, or hear.
2. Understand cause and effect.
3. Learn to use language, symbols,
4. Develop an understanding of
structural functional theory
good for all!
believes that schools, churches, families, and other social arenas in which children are socialized are designed to integrate the young smoothly in to a proper sociolized enviroment.
only beneficial for those in power.
symbolic interaction theory
--To understand human behaviors, we must
first understand what those behaviors mean
Those meanings develop within social
Individuals actively construct their selfconcepts, within limits imposed by social
structures and social relationships.
is our sense of who we are as individuals
looking glass self
is the process of learning to view ourselves as we think others views us.
1. we imagine how we appear to others
2. we imagine how others judge us based on those appearances
3. we ponder, internalize, or reject these judgements
I : refers to creative part of self
ME: describes part of self that responds to others expectations
we learn to function by balancing the I and ME through role taking
involves imagining ourselves in the
role of others in order to determine the criteria
others will use to judge our behavior
are the role players with
whom we have close personal relationships.
combines the expectations of all with whom we interact
agents of socialization
All individuals, groups, and media that teach
prepares us for the roles we will take in the future. adolescence!
Occurs when we abandon our self-concept
and way of life for a radically different one