The absence of a government or the absence of any government power--chaos
The people elect other persons from among themselves to lead
Dictatorship or Autocracy
One person holds all power (dictator). Usually this person is backed by the military.
The government is controlled by a King who may inherit his position
The power is held by a small group of people; Usually they keep themselves in power
A type of government where the people are represented by elected people whose sole job is to represent others. Represent Public= Republic
A government in which the society is ruled by religious leaders.
Most governments are hybrids of these types; for example, Hitler's Germany was a Totalitarian Dictatorship. It was ruled by one group totally, which means Totalitarian. That leading group was ruled by one dictator, that means dictatorship.
Government where the military, government, and corporations work together; yet individuality and human rights are totally eliminated