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mr. baxley histroy 7th grade wesleyan

polis

a city state of Ancient Greece

acropolis

a walled, high area containing fortifications and tempeles and located in the center of polis

agora

an open area that served as a meeting place and market in early Greek city-states

helots

in ancient greece, state slaves

hoplites

foot soldiers in ancient greece

hubris

great pride

democracy

a government run by the people

tyrant

a strong man who seized power by force and claimed rule for the good of the people

direct democracy

the type of governing system where all people vote directly on an issue

archon

a cheif of state of ancient Athens

phalanx

a military formation composed of rows of soldiers standing shoulder to shoulder carrying pikes of heavy spears

reason

clear and ordered thinking

logic

the process of making the inferences

lyric poetry

a type of poetry that gained its name from the lyre, an instrument that played while the poetry was sung

Hellenistic

the blending of greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great

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