Religion I notecards

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Theos

greek for god

Theology

the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth

Theist

one who believes in the existence of a god or gods

Monism

doctrine that reality is one

Atheism

a lack of belief in the existence of God or gods

Agnostic

a person who doubts truth of religion

Belief

An idea one holds to be true

Faith

Putting what you believe into action

Creed

a statement of belief or principle

Ritual

any customary observance or practice

Religious

a member of a religious order who is bound by vows of poverty and chastity and obedience

Spiritual

One who has relationship with the divine

Ethics

Group ideas of right and wrong

Morals

motivation based on ideas of right and wrong

Empathy

understanding and entering into another's feelings

Cosmology

the understanding of the nature of the universe

Salvation

(Christianity) the act of delivering from sin or saving from evil

Mysticism

a religion based on mystical communion with an ultimate reality

Myth

A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.

Covenant

(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return

Shema

a liturgical prayer (considered to be the essence of Jewish religion) that is recited at least twice daily by adult Jewish males to declare their faith

Diaspora

the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel

Shoah

The Hebrew word for the Holocaust

Rosh Hashanah

Jewish New Year

Yom Kippur

Jewish Day of Atonement- fasting and reflecting on one's sins

Ishmael

(Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac

Issac

the son of the Abraham and Sarah; he married Rebakah.

Esau

(Old Testament) the eldest son of Isaac who would have inherited the Covenant that God made with Abraham and that Abraham passed on to Isaac

Jacob

(Old Testament) son of Isaac

Judah

an ancient kingdom of southern Palestine with Jerusalem as its center

Jeshua

Hebrew for Jesus

Essenes

Monastic Jews who were living communally, apart from the world, about the time of Jesus

Sadducees

sect of Jews in Judea consisting of priests and wealthy business people; conservatives

Pharisees

sect of Jews from Judea consisting of citizens of all classes; liberal and sought to study the applications of Torah to everyday life

Kingdom of God

the domain over which God is spiritually sovereign

Parables

Stories rooted in daily life that use symbolism or allegory as a teaching tool and that usually have a surprise ending.

The Beatitudes

teachings of Jesus that describe the way to live as his disciples

The Gospel Message

good news; jesus is the way, the truth and the life for us

Disciple

a follower of a person or belief

Apostle

one who is sent

John 3:16

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

Theotokos

God bearer

Nicene Creed

the most widely-accepted statement of Christian faith, the Nicene Creed was first adopted at the Council of Nicaea in A.D. 325.

Gnosticism

heresy that taught the material world was evil and that Christ, who was not truly God but a lesser divine being, came to impart secret knowledge for our salvation

Ecclesia

a Greek word for a duly summoned assembly; also means Church

St. Dominic

He founded the Dominicans who were dedicated to combating heresies

John Wesley

Founded the Methodist church

John Calvin

Religious reformer who believed in predestination

Ecumenism

Union of all Christian religions and eventually unity of all peoples of the world.

5 Covenant Stages

1. Couple
2. Family
3. Tribe
4. Nation
5. World

6 Religious Questions

1. What does it mean to be human?
2. How is salvation achieved?
3. What is human destiny?
4. How do humans know right and wrong?
5. What is the nature of the universe?
6. What is the ultimate reality or god?

8 Steps of a Savior

1. Miraculous Birth
2. Identification with suffering of others
3. Rejects old life or is rejected
4. Exile
5. Enlightenment
6. Return with new message
7. Persecution/Martyrdom
8. Leader of a new way

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