Where is most of the earth's water?
Percentage of the earth's water that is freshwater.
Percentage of the earth's freshwater that is in glaciers
Percentage of the earth's freshwater that is in groundwater
Water that reaches the surface and runs off
A channelized flow of a liquid
Dissolved solids carried in solution in a stream
Sediments being rolled along the bottom of a stream
Particulate sediments (solid particles) being carried by currents.
Which fraction of eroded material in a stream holds the most sediment?
Term for anything deposited by a stream
Start of a stream
Term for the down-hill flow of water from it's headlands to the mouth of the stream at the ocean
Drainage pattern of streams draining into larger streams
geomorphologic unit formed where sediment is dropped at the foot of headlands.
The stream that bends and turns, with erosional and depositional features
Depositional feature on the inside of a meander's curve
Erosional feature on the outside of a meander's curve
Cut off section of a meander
Flat land created by a meandering stream
Higher bank of land running parallel beside a stream
What is the flow rate where the stream reaches the ocean?
Depositional feature at the mouth of a stream where it joins the ocean or lake.
Material that prevent the free movement of groundwater
porosity and permeability
The two things that movement of water through rock depends on.
Term for the amount of void space between particles in sediments and rocks (pore spaces)
How well water can move through material (how well pore spaces are connected)
zone of aeration
Part of the soil profile where pore spaces still have air in them
zone of saturation
Part of the soil profile where all pores spaces are filled with water
Water found in the zone of saturation
The surface of the zone of saturation
Saturated material that can store and transmit groundwater (has high porosity and permeability)
A naturally occurring flow of groundwater from the surface
Any opening dug down to the zone of saturation
A well in which water rises above the level that it was initially encountered.
Spring that formed when water is heated by underlying igneous rocks or by magma
A fountain of heated groundwater
Rock typically formed as the remnants of reefs and other marine deposits. Found in many places.
Dissolution chemical formed in groundwater as it moves through soil or other acidic materials.
A subsurface chamber formed by the dissolution of limestone.
Structure formed in caverns where the water table drops, and the caverns become partially or completely filled with air.
Dripstones that hang from the ceiling
Dripstones that rise from the floor
dripstones formed when stalactites and stalagmites join
Featured that is formed when a cavern caves in.
Landscape containing lots of caverns and sinkholes.
mammoth cave system
Example of karst topography