MT Ch 8: Respiratory System

79 terms by kariathey 

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alveol/o

alveolus

bronch/o
bronch/i

bronchus

bronchiol/o

bronchiole

epiglott/o

epiglottis

laryng/o

larynx

nas/o
rhin/o

nose

orth/o

straight

pector/o
thorac/o

chest

pharyng/o

pharynx

phren/o

diaphragm

pleur/o

pleura

pneum/o
pneumon/o
pulmon/o

lung; air

sinus/o

sinus

spir/o

breathe; breath

tonsill/o

tonsils

trache/o

trachea

anthrac/o

coal

atel/o

incomplete

coni/o

dust

muc/o

mucus

ox/i

oxygen

-capnia

carbon dioxide

-ectasis

stretching; dilatation

-meter

instrument to measure

-metry

measuring

-phonia

sound; voice

-pnea

breathing

-ptysis

coughing; spitting up

-(r)rhagia

hemorrhage

-(r)rhea

copious discharge

-thorax

chest

aspirate

to withdraw or suction fluid; to draw foreign material into the lungs

nebulizer

mechanical device for delivering a fine spray or mist into the respiratory tract

patent

open

respiratory therapist (RT)

allied health professional who administers respiratory therapy treatments

ventilator

mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for patient's breathing

adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

respiratory failure associated with a variety of acute conditions that directly or indirectly injure the lung

asbestosis

accumulation of asbestos particles in the lungs

asphyxia

oxygen deprivation; suffocation

asthma

spasm or swelling of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes resulting in wheezing and difficulty in breathing

bronchogenic carcinoma

a malignant lung tumor originating in the bronchi; lung cancer

-genic

pertaining to development

bronchopneumonia

inflammation of the bronchi and lungs caused primarily by bacteria

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

a progressive and irreversible condition characterized by diminished lung capacity

coryza
rhinitis

inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose; a common cold

croup

a childhood disease characterized by a barking cough, dyspnea, and laryngeal spasms

cystic fibrosis (CF)

a hereditary disorder characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract

deviated septum

misalignment of the nasal septum due to malformation or injury

emphysema

distention and destruction of alveolar walls causing decreased elasticity of the lungs

epistaxis
rhinorrhagia

discharge of blood from the nose; nosebleed

influenza (flu)

highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract caused by a virus

Legionnaire's disease

a lobar pneumonia caused by the Legionella pneumophilia bacteria

lobar pneumonia

a severe infection of one or more of the five lobes of the lung

mucopurulent

containing both mucus and pus

mucus

a slimy, viscous secretion of mucous membranes and glands

obstructive sleep apnea

temporary absence of breathing during sleep due to repetitive pharyngeal collapse

orthopnea

ability to breathe only when upright or in the upright position

pertussis

a highly contagious respiratory disease characterized by coughing and a loud whooping on inspiration; commonly called whooping cough

pleural effusion

escape of fluid into the pleural space

pneumonia

an acute inflammation of the lungs

pneumonoconiosis

any disease of the lung by chronic inhalation of dust, usually mineral dusts of occupational or environmental origin

pulmonary edema

swelling of the lungs caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs

pulmonary embolism

obstruction of one or more of the pulmonary arteries by a thrombus (clot)

pulmonary heart disease

heart failure caused by pulmonary disease

pyothorax
empyema

presence of pus in the chest or pleural space

rales

abnormal chest sound caused by congested or spasmodic bronchi

rhonchi

rales or rattling in the throat, resembles snoring

sputum

material coughed up from the lungs

stridor

harsh, high-pitched sound during respiration

tuberculosis (TB)

an infectious disease of the lungs caused by a specific type of bacillus

upper respiratory infection (URI)

infection of the pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi

chest x-ray

process of recording an x-ray film of the lungs and mediastinum

arterial blood gases (ABG)

examination of arterial blood to determine blood levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases

lung scan

a nuclear medicine study used to detect abnormalities related to air or blood flow to the lungs

perfusion (lung) scan

a nuclear medicine study used to detect areas of inadequate blood flow to the lung

pulmonary function tests (PFTs)

a group of tests designed to measure respiratory function and identify abnormalities

ventilation (lung) scan

a nuclear medicine study used to detect areas of inadequate air flow to the lungs

ventilation/perfusion (lung) scan (V/Q scan)

a nuclear medicine study used to detect abnormalities of air and blood flow to the lungs

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