Sociology 101

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Sociology

The study of human society.

Sociological Perspective

point of view that sees general pattern in the lives of society in the lives of particular people.

Global Perspective

Study of the larger world.

Positivism

Approach to knowledge based on positive facts as opposed to speculation.

Theory

A statement of how and why specific facts are related.

Statement

How and why specific facts are created

Theoretical Approach

Basic image of society that guides thinking and research.

Structural functional approach

Sees society as a complex system whos parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.

Social Structure

Any relatively stable pattern of social behavior./

Manifest functions

Recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern.

Latent Function

unrecogonized and unintended consequences of any social pattern.

Social-Conflict Approach

Sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change

Macro-level orientation

A broad focus on social structures that social structures that shape society as a whole

Micro-Level orientation

Social interaction in specific situations

Symbolic-Interaction Approach

soiety as a product of the everyday interactions of individuals.

Positivist Sociology

Study based on systematic observation of social behavior.

Empirical evidence

Information that we can verify with our senses.

Interpretive Sociology

Study focuses on discovering the meanings people attach to their social world.

Critical Sociology

Study that focuses on the need for social change.

Culture

Ways of thinking, ways of acting and material objects that form peoples way of life.

Cultural Transmission

Process by which one generation passes culture to the next.

Sapir-Whorf Thesis

People see and inderstand the world through the cultural lens of language.

Mores

Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance.

Folkways

Norms for routine or casual interaction.

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