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Plasma

Liquid that contain water, electrolytes, hormones, wastes, proteins

Hemoglobin

heme (iron) protein (globin)

erythropoetin

produced and secreted by cells in kidney and liver

Neutrophils

most abundant, phagocytosis of foriegn particles, polymorphonucelocytes (PMN)

Eosinophil

kill parasites for allergic reactions (tapeworm, hookworm,etc.)

Basophil

release heparin and histamine for allergic reactions

Monocyte

phagocytosis, mature to macrophage

lymphocyte

T Cell and B cell

diapedesis

when leukocytes moce through blood vessed walls to enter tissue

average WBC

5,000-10,000

Leukocytosis

WCC above 10,000

Leukopenia

WCC below 5,000

Differential WCC

% of each paritcular leukocyte

Leukemia

abnormal production of immature leukocytes

blood platelets normal count

130,000-360,000

function of blood platelets

blood clotting

3 types of plasma proteins

albumin, globulins, fibronogen

albumin

maintain osmotic pressure of cells

globulins

antibodies

fibronogen

blood clotting

Plasma gases are

oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen

hemostais

stoppage of bleeding

thrombus

abnormal clot

embolus

floating clot

Embolism

when embolus gets logdged in small vessel obstructing blood flow

antigen

present on cell membrane surface of rbc

antibodies

produced against non-self antigens

erythroblastosis fetalis

hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)

anemia

blood with very low oxygen carrying capacity (insufficent number of RBC)

polycythemia

abnormal excess of RBC

deoxyhemoglobin

hemoglobin with no bound oxygen

oxyhemoglobin

hemoglobin bound oxygen

Leukopoiesis

WBC production

edema

accumulation of excess interstitial fluid leading to swelling of tissues

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