Drugs Simple

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82 terms · simple

-actone

potassium-sparing diuretics

aldactione, spironolactone

-afil

phosphodiesterase (PDE) in hibitor

sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil

-ane

General anesthetics

cyclohexane, ethane, fluorane

-ase

Thrombolytics (clot-busters)

eminase, retavase, streptokinase (enzyme)

-azole

Antifungals

butoconazole, econazole, fluconazole

-azosin

Alpha Blockers (adrenergic antagonists)

doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin

-bicin

antineoplastic

doxorubicin, epirubicin, idarubicin, valrubicin

-barbital

barbiturate

butabarbital, butalbital, phenobarbital, secobarbital, amobarbital, penotobarbital

-caine

local anesthetic

bupivacaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine, prilocaine, proparacaine, cocaine, xylocaine

cef-, ceph-

cephalosporin antibacterial

Cefadroxil, cefaclor, cefdinir, cefixime, cefprozil, cephalexin, ceftivuten, cephapirin, cephradine

calci-

calcium & vitamin D supplements

calciferol, calcitol, ergocalciferol

-ciclovir, -cyclovir

antivirals

famciclovir, ganciclovir, acyclovir, valacyclovir

-cillin

cell wall synthesis inhibitors

amoxicillin, ampicillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin, oxacillin

Cole-, Chole-

antilipidemic drugs

cholestyramine, cloesevelam, colestipol

-cox-

NSAIDs, COX2 inhibitor

Celecoxib

cort

corticosteroid

clocortolone, fludrocortisone, hydrocortisone

-curium

neuromuscular blockers

pancuronium, pipecuronium, rocuronium

-curonium

neuromuscular blockers

-cycline

tetracycline antibiotic

demeclocycline, doxycycline, minocycline,tetracycline

-dopa

anti-parkinson

cardopa/levodopa (Sinemet)

-dazole

anthelmintic, antibiotic, antibacterial

albendazole, mebendazole, metronidazole, tinidazole

-dipine

calcium channel blocker

amlodipine, felodipine, nifedipine, nimodipine, nisoldipine

-ergot-

ergotamines (anti-migraine)

ergotamine, dihydroxyergotamine

-fenac

NSAID

bromfenac, diclofenac, nepafenac

-fibr-

antilipidemic drugs

fenofibrate, gemfibrozil,

-floxacin

fluoroquinolone antiboitic

ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin,ofloxacin

-gliptin

antidiabetic, inhibitor of DPP-4 enzyme

saxagliptin, sitagliptin, vildagliptin

-iramine, -mine

antihistamine

brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine, pheniramine

-lam

benzodiazepines

alprazolam, midazolam

-lamide

carboinc anhydrase inhibitor

acetazolamide, brinzolamide, dorzolamide, methazolamide

-limus

immunosuppressant

pimecrolimus, sirolimus, tacrolimus

-lol, -olol

Beta blockers

atenolol, propanolol, sodalol

-lone, olone

corticosteroids

methylprednisolone, prednisolone, triamcinolone, fluocinolone, fluorometholone, rimexolone, triamcinolone, nandrolone, triamcinolone, nandrolone, oxandrolone, oxymetholone

-luk, -leu

Leukotriene Modifiers (inhibitor)

zafirlukast, montelukast, zileuton

-mab

monoclonal antibody

daclizumab, infliximab, omalizumab, trastuzumab

-mustine

alkylating agent

carmustine, estramustine, lomustine

-micin, -mycin

antibiotic, antibacterial

azithromycin, clarithromycin, clindamycin, erythromycin

-nacin

antimuscarinic

darifenacin, solifenacin

-navir

HIV/AIDS antivirals

amprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir

-nazole

antifungal

fluconazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, terconazole

-nib

antineoplastic

dasatinib, erlotinib, imatinib, sorafenib

-pamil

calcium channel blocker

verapamil

-pram

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) antidepressant

citalopram, escitalopram

-oxetine

SSRIs antidepressant

fluoxetine, paroxetine

-prazole

proton pump inhibitor (PPI)

dexlansoprazloe, lansoprazole, pantoprazole, esomeprazole, omeprazole, rabeprazole

-pam

benzodiazepines

diazepam, lorazepam

-aparin-, -parin

antithrombotic, anticoagulant

enoxaparin,fondaparinux, heparin, tinzaparin

-phylline

xanthine derivative

aminopylline, oxtriphylline, theophylline

-pramine

tricyclic antidepressant

clomipramine, desipramine, imipramine, rimipramine

-pred-, pred-

corticosteroid

loteprednol, prednicarbate, prednisolone, prednisone

-pril

ACE inhibitor

benazepril, captopril, enalapril, lisinopril, moexipril, ramipril

-profen

NSAID

fenoprofen, flurbiprofen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen

-quine

Antiparasitics

chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, mefloquine

rifa-

antiuberculars

rifamate, rifampin, rifapentine, rifater

-sertron

antiemetic and antinauseant

dolasetron, granisetron, ondansetron, palonosertron

-sone

corticosteroid

beclomethasone, dexamethason, fluticasone, mometasone

-stigmine

cholinergics

neostifmine, physostigmine, pyridostigmine

-stine

antineoplastice (anti-tumor)

carmustine, lomustine, vinblastine, vincristine

-statin

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, statins

atorvastatin,lovastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, simvastatin

-tadine

H1 blocker (H1 antagonist or histamine 1 antagonist or antihistamine)

cyproheptadine; desloratadine; loratadine; olopatadine; Rupatadine

-tadine

antiviral, anti-influenza-A

amantadine, rimantadine

-terol

beta agonist, bronchodilator

albuterol, arformoterol, formoterol, levalbuterol, salmeterol

-thiazide

thiazide diuretic (water pill)

chlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, methyclothiazide

-tide

H2 receptor antagonists (antiulcer)

cimetidine, famotidine, nizatidine, ranitidine

-trate

antianginals

isosorbide mononitrate, isosorbide dinitrate

-trel

female hormone

desogestrel, etonogestrel, levonorgestrel, norgestrel

tretin-, -tretin-, tretin

retonoid, dermatologic agent, form of vitamin A

acitretin, alitretinonin, isotretinoin, tretinoin

-triptan

antimigraine, selective 5-HT receptor agonist

almotriptan, eletriptan, rizatriptan, sumatriptan, zolmitriptan

-tropium

anticholingergic, bronchodilators

ipratropium, tiotropium

-triptyline

tricyclics (antidepressants)

amitriptyline, nortriptyline, protriptyline

-tyline

tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

amitriptyline, nortriptyline, protripytline

-vastatin

antilipemics (anti-cholesterol)

atorvastatin,lovastatin, simvastatin

vir, -vir

antiviral, anti-HIV

abacavir, efavirenz, enfuvirtide, nevirapine, ritonavir, tenofovir

vir, -vir

antiviral, anti-hepatitis

adefovir, entecavir, ribavirin (along with interferon)

-vir

antiviral, anti-herpes

acyclovir, famciclovir, penciclovir, valacyclovir

-vir

antiviral, anti-CMV

cidofovir, ganciclovir, valganciclovir

-vir

antiviral, anti-flu

oseltamivir, zanamivir

-vudine

antiviral, nucleoside analogues

lamivudine, stavudine, telvivudine, zidovudine

-zepam

benzodiazepine

clonazepam, diazepam, flurazepam, lorazepam, temazepam

-zine

phenothiazines (antipsychotics, antiemetics)

chlorpromazine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine

-zoline

nasal decongestants

oxymetazoline, zylometazoline

-zosin

alpha blocker

alfuzisin, doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin

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