titles, education, or training that verify a persons intellectual or professional ability.
diseases that are caused by organisms that can spread through water, food, air, or human contact.
disease in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, a hormone needed to properly convert sugar to energy.
a condition of the body's internal harmony as regulated by interaction or many body systems.
social support network
people who are willing and able to provide emotional and physical resources to help you in the time of need.
a measure of how long a person has left to live based on data related to current causes of death.
the rate at which your body uses food and oxygen to carry out various body processes.
identifiable conditions or behaviors that increases one's risk of getting ill or injured.
the ability to obtain, interpret, understand, and apply basic health information and services.
evaluating the worth, accuracy, or authenticity of issues and information leading to a level of conclusion that can direct thoughts or actions.
reasoning that begins with the general and ends with the specific arguments are based on laws, rules, and established principles, and conclusions are based on two or more premises.
reasoning that moves from the specific to the general; reasoning in which arguments are based on experience or observations rather than on laws or proven facts.
technique that enables you to organize and illustrate your thoughts using both sides of your brain.
a way to check it you understand what someone has said (a common method is to restate in your own words what you heard and ask the speaker if this is what he or she meant.)
health risk appraisal
a computerized assessment of an individuals health age in relation to his or her actual age.
sum of federal, state, and local health agencies and organizations working together to promote health and prevent disease for the community as a whole.
real or perceived emotion and physical support received by family., friends, neighbors, and coworkers.
the study of how people's thoughts, emotions, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.
the physical and emotional states experienced as a result of changes and challenges in our lives.
general adaption syndrome (GAS)
the body's physiological response to continuous stress; it includes three phases: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion.
fight or flight response
the response of the nervous and endocrine systems to supply the body with energy to fight back or escape from a stressor.
the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the job does not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker.
post traumatic stress disorder
a mental disturbance that results from experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event that is replayed over and over in the mind after the event is over.
the state of the body during relaxation when the body is functioning normally in a stable, balances state.
autonomic nervous system
the division of the nervous system that controls basic body processes that are largely involentary such as breathing, heart beat, blood pressure, and digestion.
sympathetic nervous system
the branch of the autonomic nervous system that responds to a stressor by accelerating body processes
the branch of the autonomic nervous system that slows down body processes and returns the body to homeostasis after a stressful situation has passed
a system of glands, tissues, and cells that produce hormones to help regulate bodily processes.
a significant hormone produced by the adrenal glands and involved in a number of body functions such as regulation of sugar, metabolism, and blood pressure.
the study of the interrelationships among the emotions, brain, nervous system and immune system
resilience when confronted with stressors, as identified by the characteristics of challenge, control, and commitment
refers to a person who has the ability to perceive reality in terms of facts and can respond appropriately to a person who is in touch with his or her entire range of feelings and can express those feelings in an appropriate way
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
a well known representation of human needs progressing from most to least urgent; these include physical needs, safety and security, love and belonging, self-esteem, and self-actualization
the highest level in Maslow's hierarchy of needs, representing an optimal level of mental and emotional function
the recognition and expression of your uniqueness as a person, including your attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.
mental strategies and behaviors used to protect ourselves from situations that cause conflict or anxiety
refers to treatment given to a patient during periodic visits to a health care facility or physicians office
refers to treatment given to a patient who has been admitted to a patient who has been admitted to a health care facility
used by a trained mental health professional to help a patient alter his or her response to a stimulus
referring to a mental disorder in which the patient loses touch with reality by way of hallucinations, paranoid behavior, and fantasy thoughts.
a belief that most people will devalue and discriminate against individuals who have a mental illness or seek treatment
mental health professionals who are trained to treat mental disorders using psychological counseling techniques
the use of threats by one party to intimidate another party from exercising a particular behavior
the use of electronic information and communication technologies, such as internet or text messaging, to harass and intimidate
a structured problem solving process that uses reflective awareness, communication skills, and decision-making skills to prevent, manage, and peacefully resolve conflicts.
a process in which two disputing parties work out their own problems by talking through them without the assistance of an outside party
a process in which two disputing parties work out their problems by talking through them with an outside person who facilitates the discussion
family members are able to express their positive feelings for each other physically and verbally
family members are committed to the well-being of all the family members and work to ensure the best possible outcomes for each other
family members learn and use good communication skills, not just by talking but also by listening and reading body language
when conflicts occur between or among family members, they have the necessary skills to work through the conflict and each a solution that is mutually acceptable to everyone involved
a family created when one or both of the partners who remarry bring children from a previous marriage into the new family unit
brother and or sisters who joined your family when one or both of your parents remarry.
a householder and persons who live in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption.
a unified sense of self, expressing attitudes, beliefs, and actions that are uniquely characteristic of you
a family in which family interactions negatively affect the physical, emotional, and social development and well-being of the individuals in the family
the "give and take" of a relationship; the evenness of exchange between the people involved.
the ability to identify to yourself what you are thinking or feeling at any given moment in time
a feeling of strong affection and devotion, characterized by unselfish and loyal concern for the well-being of another
a type of love that includes an attraction to another person based on affection and sexual interest
a close personal knowledge of another person, characterized by feelings of warmth and closeness
romantic involvement that results in negative consequences for one or both partners
relationship in which one of the partners uses power and control over the other in order to get what he or she wants
an area in the center of the brain that exerts nervous system control over the pituitary gland and the rest of the endocrine system
pea-sized gland in the center of the brain that regulates most of the endocrine glands in the body
gland that produces hormones that influence growth and development by regulating metabolism
set of glands on top of each kidney that produce two types of hormones that regulate the stress response and sexual development
male sex glands that are located in the scrotum and are responsible for male sexual development and sperm production
the female hormone produced by the ovaries to repair the uterine lining after menstruation and enhance feminine characteristics
accessory structures of the male reproductive system that supports movements of sperm
small gland near the base of the urethra that produces a fluid that conditions the urethra for the movement of sperm
the process of reducing chromosome numbers in reproductive cells to one-half the original number
a translucent solution containing sperm and nourishing fluids from the seminal vesicles and the prostate
a small mass of erectile tissue above the vagina which, when stimulated, is the source of sexual pleasure for women
a pear-shaped, muscular organ that provides the proper environment where the fertilized ovum develops into a fetus and assists with with childbirth
the innermost lining of the uterus where a fertilized ovum becomes implanted and nourished during pregnancy
an organ that forms in the uterus to control the movement and exchange of nutrients and wastes between the fetus and the mother
all the things done to safeguard the health of the mother and fetus throughout pregnancy
a method of preventing the union of sperm and ovum following an act of sexual intercourse
the number of pregnancies per 100 women using a particular birth control method during a one year period
a slender tube containing a small camera and or a surgical instrument that can be inserted into the abdomen
involuntary muscle tension that occurs in males and females in response to sexual tension of the plateau phase
a burst of nervous stimulation and muscular contractions that follows the sexual tension of the plateau phase
type 2 diabetes
a condition in which the body cannot transport enough glucose(sugar) to the cells to be converted into energy
chemicals produced in the brain that allow transmission of impulses between nerve cells
the type of fitness required for participating in sports or other skill related activities; includes such components as power, agility, coordination, speed, balance, and reaction time.
exercise activities that are specifically designated to provide health benefits to the participant
the ability of the respiratory and circulatory systems to deliver enough oxygen to sustain moderate levels of activity for long periods of time
activities that require short bursts of energy that cannot be sustained for long periods of time because the body cannot supply enough oxygen to keep up with the demand
the maximum amount of oxygen that can be delivered to and used by the cells of the body during vigorous workouts
target heart rate range
the percentage of the predicted maximum heart rate that must be reached to obtain improvements in aerobic capacity
the amount of force a muscle is capable of exerting against a resistance with a single maximum effort
stretching a muscle to the end of of range of motion and holding that position for an extended period of time
the relationship between fat-free mass (muscle,bone, and water) and fat tissue within the body
a result of a chemical imbalance of too much water and not enough electrolytes in the body
nutritional or pharmacological agents used by exercises to help provide fuel and or to gain a performance advantage
participating in two or more different physical activities to achieve cardiorespiratory fitness
the tubular passage from the mouth to the rectum that functions in digestion, the absorption of water, and elimination of waste
a measure of the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water one degree of Celsius; scientists burn foods to measure the number of calories they contain.
also known as "complex carbohydrate" because they are compounds of many monosaccharides
essential amino acids
the amino acids humans must get in their diet and that cannot be manufactured by the body
types of oils containing foods that contribute very little to the development of heart disease
fats that come from plant sources that are better for heart health than saturated fats
a waxy, fat-like substance in the body an excess of which may contribute to heart disease
the addition of hydrogen molecules to liquid fats to make them firm at room temperature
liquid fats that have been intentionally enhanced with hydrogen to make them firm at room temperature or more suitable for frying
essential fatty acids (EFA's)
fats needed by the body that must be consumed in the diet because the human body cannot manufacture them
Reference Daily Intakes (RDI's)
the levels of a vitamin or mineral recommended to be included in the diet each day
Daily Reference Values (DRV's)
reference values of eight selected nutrients for a 2,000 calorie diet; the basis of nutrition labels
a unit of metric weight that is one-thousandth of a gram; 100 milligrams is equal to 0.0035 ounces- about the same weight as a pinch of salt
compound that interferes with the damaging effects of certain compounds in the body;may help lower LDL in the blood and prevent certain cancers