In line with FDR's Good Neighbor policy, the United States accepted a nonintervention provision at the Pan-American Conference, abolished the _____ Amendment, which had restricted the Cuban government's powers, and American troops withdrew from Haiti.
In his first inaugural address, Franklin Roosevelt announced his Good Neighbor policy in an effort to improve relations with Latin America. These events were concrete signs of this change in ________ policy.
The United States refused to recognize the Soviet Union when it was formed because the Soviet government would not agree to assume Russia's _____.
The Soviet government would not assume Russia's debts. Another reason the U.S. refused to recognize the Soviet Union was because they spread propaganda in the United States promoting ___________.
The United States finally recognized the ____________ as a country in 1933 under FDR's administration.
The Soviet Union was formed in 1918. It wasn't until 1933 that the U.S. formally recognized the Soviet Union as a country. FDR's justification for recognizing the USSR was to establish trade, and because he believed the Soviets could end up being an ally against _________ expansion.
In an attempt to keep the United States out of future wars, Congress passed a series of laws. The __________ Acts prohibited sales of arms and munitions or making loans or extending credits to warring countries.
There were several neutrality laws passed between 1935-1937. The Neutrality Act of 1935 prohibited selling arms and munitions to countries at war. The Neutrality Act of 1937 prohibited loaning money to countries at war. This was because a Senate committee had decided that arms dealers and ________ had played a role in getting America involved in World War I.
In 1939, under the cash-and-carry Congress revised the Neutrality Act to allow countries at war to buy arms from the United States. However, the goods had to be paid for in cash immediately, and those countries' ships, not ________ ships, must be used to pick up and transport the goods.
The cash-and-carry policy was known as the ___________ Act of 1939.
__________ security is the belief that unity between countries and joint action will provide protection against aggressive nations.
This is known as "collective security," and was one of the reasons behind forming the United Nations. In the time of the Neutrality Acts before World War II, some Americans believed that collective action by nations of the world against aggressors would ________ war.
The series of events leading up to World War II began in 1936, when Germany violated the Treaty of Versailles by reoccupying the _________.
Conditions in Europe began deteriorating as early as 1936, when Germany made this breach of the Treaty of Versailles--the treaty which had ______ World War I.
The Anti-_________ Pact united Germany, Italy, and Japan against the Soviet Union.
The Anti-Comintern Pact was signed in _____, and was another in a series of events leading up to World War II.
The Nazi-Soviet Nonagression Pact was signed in ____. In it, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed not to attack each other.
The Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact was signed in August 1939. Hitler wanted this Pact so that he could attack Poland without worrying about _____________ from the Soviet Union. On September 1, Germany invaded Poland, and World War II began.
World War II began when Germany invaded ______ on September 1, 1939, and its allies declared war on Germany.
Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. On September 3, Great Britain and _______ declared War on Germany.
Once World War II began, the period from October 1939 - April 1940 was known as the _____ War.
It was known as the Phony War, because after the invasion of Poland in September 1939, there was a seven ______ lull in fighting as Germany did not mount any major offenses.
Within three months of the Phony War, Germany defeated Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. _______ alone opposed Germany at that point.
Great Britain stood alone by July, _____. At that point, the United States began to prepare for war.
The Selective ________ and Service Act provided for the first peacetime draft in 1940.
The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 registered men between 21 and 35. The goal was to train over 1.2 ________ troops within a year.
The __________ Act empowered the president to "lend, lease, or exchange" war materials to any country whose struggle against aggression was considered vital to American security.
The Lend-Lease Act went along the lines of what Roosevelt called the United States' role as the "arsenal of __________." The idea was to stay out of the war, but give the British what they needed to withstand the Nazi onslaught.
The aid from the Lend-Lease Act primarily went to Great Britain, but was later extended to the ____________ when it was invaded by the Germans in June 1941.
By the fall of 1941, the United States was in a state of __________ naval war with Germany. The Reuben James was the first U.S. Navy ship sunk by hostile action during World War II.
The Reuben James was a destroyer escorting a convoy shipping war material to Great Britain. After it was torpedoed by a German submarine, the ___________ Acts were no longer a factor; any further incident would have led to a declaration of war on Germany by the United States.
In September 1940 Japan signed the __________ Pact, making it part of the Axis with Germany and Italy.
The United States led the call for ___________ after World War I. Many Americans believed that reduced military strength would help prevent another war.
The United States led diplomatic talks on disarmament. Many Americans believed that arms buildup was a cause of World War I. Also, the United States wanted to limit ______'s military growth, which it saw as a threat to U.S. interests in Asia.
The ____-Power treaty limited the tonnage of aircraft carriers and capital ships and arranged for the United States, Great Britain, and France to scrap a number of ships.
This was the Five-Power Treaty between the United States, Japan, Great Britain, Italy, and France. It was part of the Washington Armaments Conference which were a series of meetings to consider ___________ of naval armaments, and settlement of the rules of naval war.
The __________ Armaments Conference was a series of international meetings to consider limitations of naval armaments and settlement of the rules of naval war. It resulted in the Five-Power Treaty and the Nine-Power Treaty.
The Washington Armaments Conference was called by President ________. The Five-Power Treaty placed limits on capital ships. The Nine-Power Treaty reaffirmed support for the Open Door Policy in Asia.
The _______-Briand Peace Pact was signed in 1928. It outlawed war as an instrument of foreign policy.
The Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact, also known as the Pact of ______, was initially signed by the U.S. and fourteen other countries, and eventually included a total of sixty-three countries. However, it later became obvious that there was no way to enforce the treaty.
In response to the Japanese invasion of _________, the United States issued a declaration known as the Stimson Doctrine. It stated that the United States would not recognize a situation or territorial change brought about by aggression.
The Stimson Doctrine, issued by Secretary of State Henry Stimson in 1932, set a policy of non-recognition towards situations which were brought about by means contrary to the Kellogg-Briand Pact, which outlawed war as an instrument of ________ policy.
In the _____ Memorandum of 1928, under President Hoover, the State Department repudiated the Roosevelt corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
The Clark Memorandum reflected a change in foreign policy towards the Western Hemisphere. Under President Hoover, the U.S. maintained that the Monroe Doctrine did not justify American ______________ in the Western Hemisphere. Though the memorandum was written in 1928 under President Coolidge, it was not released until 1930 under President Hoover.
Franklin Roosevelt changed American foreign policy towards the Western Hemisphere in what he called the _____________ policy.
The Good Neighbor policy sought to improve relations with _______________, and formally abandoned military intervention in the Western Hemisphere.