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Examine the foundations of the American nation laid during the Revolutionary Era through the contributions of significant individuals and groups involved in the key military and diplomatic events of the Revolutionary War that resulted in an independent nation.

Articles of Confederation

the nations first constitution, was adopted by the 2nd Continental Congress in 1781 during the revolution. It was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage

Colonial views of war

Colonists split with 20% Loyal, 40-50% Patriots and the remainder neutral

General George Washington

Commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in 1775. His ability to lkeep the army together at Valley Forge and viotories atTrenton and Princeton . The Battle of Yorktown in 1781 w/ French military support, he forced surrender and pushed the British to a surrender.

Black American service

African Americans served both the Continental Army and the British Army. It is estimated that 5,000 African Americans served as soldiers for the Continental army and 20,000 for the British cause.

Native American service

Most Native Americans opposed the United States as a potential threat to their territory. Approximately 13,000 Native Americans fought on the British side

Trenton

On Christmas night, 1776, Washington led his men across the Delaware River to attack the drunken Hessians who were sleeping. The Americans killed 30 of the enemy and took 918 captives and 6 Hessian cannons.

Saratoga

the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war. This battle led France to support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent.

Thomas Paine's The Crisis,

series of pamphlets published during the American Revolution by The first volume begins with the famous words "These are the times that try men's souls".

Valley Forge

Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 1/4th of troops died here from disease and malnutrition, Steuben helped Washington to regroup and retrain his rag-tag army

Yorktown

Last major battle of the war. Washington's armies along with the French naval fleet trapped British General Cornwallis and received his surrender It ended major engagements in the colonies.

Marquis de Lafayette

French nobleman who believed in Amereicas cause and distinguished himself as a general on Washington's staff. He was known as "the soldier's friend," and is buried in france but his grave is covered with earth from Bunker Hill.

John Paul Jones

Patriot naval leader who commanded the American ship Bonhomme Richard, which defeated the British ship Serapis in 1779.
"I have not yet begun to fight!"

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