Yoga Final

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22 terms

Patanjali

considered to be the father of yoga because he was the first one to write down the practices of yoga

Yoga Sutras

Patanjali's writings

Raja Yoga

Patanjali's 8 fold path is derived from this, also called ashtanga

We Study

1. relaxation
2. breathing techniques
3. asanas
4. concentration/meditation
5. the ethics- philosophy

ethics of yoga

yamas: restraints (donts)
niyamas: the personal disciplines (dos)

asanas

postures

pranayama

breath control

pratyahara

internalization of the outgoing attention

dharana

concentration

dhyana

meditation

samadhi

enlightenment

yamas

1. nonviolence (dont harm any living thing)
2. thruthfulness (dont lie and dont lie to yourself)
3. non-stealing (dont steal from yourself)
4. (a) celebacy: abstention from sex
(b) continence: dont waste your energies
5. non-possessiveness (greedlessness, use only what you need)

savasana

classical pose of relaxation

sanskrit

language

sukasana

seated position

pranayam

breathing techniques

surya namaskar

sun salutation

niyamas

1. purity (keep yourself clean in all areas)
2. contentment
3. study (learn to know yourself better and study the masters)
4. austerity (learn to withstand discomfort)
5. devotion: devote yourself to the highest within you

sutras

patanjalis writings

vinyasa

flowing form

yantra

used in meditation... circle with a black filled in circle in the middle

mandala

used in meditation... maze

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