capitulo 5 span 101

Created by sjmh4155 

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Rain

llueve.

It is cool

Hace fresco

it is very warm

hace mucho calor

It is very cloudy

está muy nublado

It is very windy

Hace mucho viento

it is very polluted/contaminated

Hay mucha contaminación

It is very cold

Hace mucho frío

it is snowing

está nevoso

it is raining

Está lluvioso

It is hot

está soleado

January

enero

February

febrero

March

marzo

April

abril

June

junio

July

julio

August

agosto

September

septiembre

October

octubre

November

noviembre

December

deciembre

Winter

el invierno

Spring

la primavera

Summer

el verano

Fall

el otoño

What's todays date?

¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy?

Today is the first of July

Hoy es el primero de julio

Today is the third of July

Hoy es el tres de julio

2012

dos mil doce

close to

cerca de

far from

lejos de

below

debajo de

on top of

encima de

alongside of

al lado de

between, among

entre

in front of

delante de

behind

detrás de

to the right of

a la derecha de

to the left of

a la izquierda de

to the north/south/east/west of

al norte/sur/este/oeste de

Julio is in front of me

Julio está delante de mí

María is behind you

María está detrás de ti.

I sit on her left

Me siento a la izquierda de ella

Are you coming with me?

¿Vienes conmigo?

Yes, I'll go with you.

Sí, voy contigo.

Ramon is eating right now.

Ramon está comiendo ahora mismo

We're buying the house.

Compramos la casa manana.

Jane is studying chemistry this semester.

Jane estudia química este semestre.

Pablo is taking a bath

Pablo está bañándose

le +iendo

leyendo

oír: o+ iendo

oyendo

tomar -->

tomando

comprender

comprendiendo

abrir

abriendo

preferir (prefiero)

prefiriendo

pedir (pido)

pidiendo

dormir

durmiendo

Do you spend a lot of time watching television?

¿Pasas mucho tiempo viendo la televisión?

it continues to rain in New York.

Sigue lloviendo New York.

Do you have a good time playing the piano?

¿Te divertes mucho tocando el piano?

to identify people and things

(ser) Ella es doctora; Tikal es una ciudad maya

To express nationality; with (de) to express origin.

(ser) Son cubanos; Son de La Habana.

With (de) to tell what material something is made of

(ser) Este bolígrafo es de plástico

With (de) to express possesion

(ser) Es de Carlota.

With (para) o tell for whom something is made

(ser) el regalo es para Sarah

To tell time

(ser) Son las once; es la una y media

With adjectives that describe basic, inherent characteristics

Ramona es inteligente

To form many generalizations

(ser) Es necesario llegar temprano

To tell location

(estar) El libro está en la mesa

To describe health

(estar) Estoy muy bien, gracias

With adjectives that describe conditions

Estoy muy ocupado

In a number of fixed expressions

(estar) Estoy de acuerdo. Está bien.

With present participles to form the progessive tense.

(estar) Estoy estudiando ahora mismo

That table is very short

Esa mesa es muy baja

His socks are purple

Sus calcetines son morados.

This armchair is comfortable

Este sillón es cómodo.

Their parents are affectionate people

Sus padres son simpaticos.

open

abierto/a

bored

aburrido/a

happy

alegre

tired

cansado/a

closed

cerrado/a

frozen; very cold

congelado/a

content/happy

contento/a

messy

desordenado/a

sick

enfermo/a

furious/angry

furioso/a

clean

limpio/a

crazy

loco/a

annoyed

molesto/a

nervous

nervioso/a

busy

ocupado/a

neat

ordenado/a

worried

preocupado/a

sure, certain

seguro/a

dirty

sucio/a

sad

triste

Daniel is handsome.

Daniel es guapo.

Daniel looks very handsome tonight.

Daniel está muy guapo esta noche.

What is Amalia like (as a person)?

¿Cómo es Amalia?

She's nice.

Es simpática/

How is Jane feeling?

¿Cómo está Jane?

She's still sick

Está enferma todavía

(ser or estar) which is permanent?

Ser

(ser or estar) which is expected to change>

estar

To have dinner

cenar

to drive

conducir

to bark

ladrar

to cry

llorar

overwhelmed

agobiado/a

relieved

desahogado/a

energetic

enérgico/a

stressed

estresado/a

Juan is taller than Elena.

Juan es más alto que Elena.

Elena is shorter than Juan.

Elena es menos alta que Juan.

Juan has more pencils than Elena.

Juan tiene más lapices que Elena.

Elena has fewer pencils than Juan

Elena tiene menos lapices que Juan.

Juan runs faster than Elena.

Juan corre más rapido que Elena.

Elena runs slower than Juan

Elena corre menos rapido que Juan.

Juan studies more than Elena.

Juan estudia más que Elena

Elena studies less than Juan

Elena estudia menos que Juan

Juan has more than five pencils

Juan tiene más de cinco lapices.

Elena has less than five pencils

Elena tiene menos de cinco lapices.

Patricia is as tall as Juan

Patricia es tan alto como Juan

Patricia plays tennis as well as Juan

Patricia juega al tens tan bien como Juan

Patricia has as much money as Juan

Patricia tiene tanto dinero como Juan

Patricia has as many sisters as Juan

Patricia tiene tantas hermanas como Juan

Patricia studies as much as Juan

Patricia estudia tanto como Juan

Juan reads as much as Jane

Juan lee tanto como Jane

these cars are good, but those are better.

Estos coches son buenos, pero esos son mejores

I speak Spanish better than my brother

Yo hablo espanol mejor que mi hermano

Things here are going from bad to worse

Aqui las cosas van de mal en peor

My sister is older than I am

Mi hermana es mayor que yo

My cousins are younger than I am

Mis primos son menores que yo

capital city

la capital

island

la isla

world

el mundo

beach

la playa

year

el ano

Climate

el clima

el cumpleanos

birthday

season

seasona estacion

date (calender)

la fecha

month

el mes

boyfriend/girlfriend

el/la novio/a

answer

la respuesta

weather; time

el tiempo

hard

dificil

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