Hormone function

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exercise 25

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

Stimulates production of cortisol

Oxytocin

Stimulates uterine contractions and milk ejection during suckling; target uterus and breasts

Antidiuretic Hormone

Decreases water loss by increasing reabsorption of water into blood and decreasing urine production and increase blood pressure

Androgens

Increases sex drive in females

Thyroxine

Increases basel metabolic rate of most cells

Triiodothyronine

Increases basel metabolic rate of most cells

Luteinizing hormone

Triggers ovulation and stimulates secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females. Males: stimulates production of sperm

Parathyroid Hormone

Increases blood calcium levels by increasing activity of osteoclasts

Epinephrine

Increases blood glucose by accelerating breakdown of glycogen into glocuse

Norepinephrine

Increases blood glucose by accelerating breakdown of glycogen into glocuse

Prolactin

Promotes milk production by mammary glands

Cortisol

Increases glucose formation lipoylis; resistance to stress. decreases inflammation. Target most cells

Melatonin

Contributes to setting the body's biological clock

Melanocyte-stimulation hormone

Darkens skin pigmentation ( exact role not known)

human Growth Hormone

Stimulates secretion of insulin -like growth factor. Causing growth of the body cells.

Calcitonin

Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts; Stimulates activity of osteoclasts. target tissue, osteoclasts

Thymosin

Promotes the maturation of T cells for the immune respose

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Stimulates development of oocytes and induce secretion of estrogen and progesterone.

Insulin

Increase glucose by uptake body's cell, lower glucose levels

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone

Stimulates the secretion of Luteinizing Hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Thyrotropin- Releasing Hormone

Stimulates the production of the thyroid stimulating hormone

Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone

Stimulate secretion of human growth hormone

Prolactin Releasing Hormone

Stimulate secretion of prolactin

Prolactin Inhibiting Hormone

Inhibits secretion of prolactin

Corticotropin Releasing Hormone

Promotes secretion of Adrenocorticotropic hormone

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

Promotes synthesis of thyroid hormones

Aldosterone

Increases water absorption by osmosis; decreases water in urnine; increases K+ and H+ secretion

Pancreatic Polypeptide

Inhintis secretion of somatostatin, causes gall bladder contration.

Inhibin

Inhibit secretion of FSH

Testosterone

Decent of testes before birth. Regulation of spermatogeneis. Develement and maintenance of male secondary sex traits

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Stimulates production of sperm.

Dehydroepiandrosterone

Early hair growth in both males and females (armpits and pubic hair)

Dehydroepiandrosterone

Source of estrogen after menopause; libido

Glucagon

Increases the breakdown of glycogen to increase blood glucose level

Somatostatin

Inhibits secretion of insulin and glucogon

Estrogen and Progesterone

Regulates females reproductive cycle and oogenesis. Maintains pregnancy and prepares mammary glands for lactation. Development and female sex characteristic

Relaxin

Dilate uterine cervix during labor and delivery. Relaxes pubic symphysis dring pragnancy.

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