The Language of Medicine

12 terms by telabrecque 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Chabner Chapter 2

anabolism

Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials

catabolism

breakdown of more complex substances into simpler ones with release of energy

cell membrane

thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell

chromosomes

Rod-shaped structures in nucleus made of DNA calle genes.46 chromosomes (23)pairs.

cytoplasm

The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus

DNA

Chemical found within each shromosone. Arranged like a sequence of recipes in code, it directs the activities of the cell.

endoplamsmic reticulum

Stucture (canals) within the cytoplasm. Large proteins are made for smaller proteins. Anabolism takes place here.

genes

regions of DNA within each chromosome

karyotype

Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell that are arranged in numerical order to determine their number and structure.

metabolism

The total of the chemical processes in a cell. It includes catabolism and anabolism.

mitochondria

Structures in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy production. Food burned= enerygy released.
Catabolism takes place here.

nucleus

control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set