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abhor

verb [ with obj. ] formal
regard with disgust and hatred: professional tax preparers _______ a flat tax because it would dry up their business.
to hate

bigot

noun
a person who is having or revealing an obstinate belief in the superiority of one's own opinions and a prejudiced intolerance of the opinions of others,
a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own

counterfeit

adjective
made in exact imitation of something valuable or important with the intention to deceive or defraud: two men were remanded on bail on a charge of passing ___________ $10 bills.
• pretended; sham: a _________ image of reality.
noun
a fraudulent imitation of something else; a forgery: he knew the tapes to be ________.
verb [ with obj. ]
imitate fraudulently: my signature is extremely hard to ___________.
• pretend to feel or possess (an emotion or quality): no pretense could have _________ such terror.
• literary resemble closely: sleep ___________ Death so well.

enfranchise

verb [ with obj. ]
give the right to vote to: a proposal that foreigners should be ___________ for local elections.
• historical free (a slave)., grant voting rights

hamper

noun
a large basket with a lid used for laundry: a laundry ________.
• a basket with a carrying handle and a hinged lid, used for food, cutlery, and plates on a picnic: a picnic __________.

verb [ with obj. ]
hinder or impede the movement or progress of: their work is ________ by lack of funds., a basket usually with a cover

kindle

verb [ with obj. ]
light or set on fire.
• inspire (an emotion or feeling): a love of art was _______ in me.
• [ no obj. ] (of an emotion) be arose: she hesitated, suspicion ________ within her.
• [ no obj. ] become excited: the young man _______ at once., cause to start burning

noxious

adjective
harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant: they were overcome by the ________ fumes., harmful; poisonous; lethal

placid

adjective
(of a person or animal) not easily upset or excited: this horse has a _______ nature.
• (esp. of a place or stretch of water) calm and peaceful, with little movement or activity: the _______waters of a small lake., calm, peaceful

remuneration

noun
money paid for work or a service., payment for work done

talisman

noun ( pl.__________ )
an object, typically an inscribed ring or stone, that is thought to have magic powers and to bring good luck., a trinket or piece of jewelry thought to be a protection against evil

abrasive

adjective
1 (of a substance or material) capable of polishing or cleaning a hard surface by rubbing or grinding.
• tending to rub or graze the skin: the trees were ________to the touch.
2 (of a person or manner) showing little concern for the feelings of others; harsh: her _________ and arrogant personal style won her few friends.
noun
a substance used for grinding, polishing, or cleaning a hard surface., a substance that abrades or wears down

bilk

verb [ with obj. ]
1 obtain or withhold money from (someone) by deceit or without justification; cheat or defraud: government waste has ______ the taxpayer of billions of dollars.
• obtain (money) fraudulently: some businesses ____thousands of dollars from unsuspecting elderly consumers.
2 archaic evade; elude: I ducked into the pantry, ______ Edward for the third time this week., hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of

covert

adjective |ˈkōvərt, kōˈvərt, ˈkəvərt|
1 not openly acknowledged or displayed: _______operations against the dictatorship.
2 Law (of a woman) married and under the authority and protection of her husband.
noun
1 a thicket in which game can hide.
2 Ornithology any of the feathers covering the bases of the main flight or tail feathers of a bird., a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something

engender

verb [ with obj. ]
cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition): the issue _______ continuing controversy.
• archaic (of a father) beget (offspring)., make children

hangar

noun
a large building with extensive floor area, typically for housing aircraft., a large structure at an airport where aircraft can be stored and maintained

knotty

adjective ( knottier , knottiest )
full of knots: the room was paneled in _____ pine.
• (of a problem or matter) extremely difficult or intricate.

nuance

noun
a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound: the ______ of facial expression and body language.
verb [ with obj. ] (usu. be nuanced)
give _______ to: the effect of the music is nuanced by the social situation of listeners.

plagiarism

noun
the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.

renown

noun
the condition of being known or talked about by many people; fame: authors of great _______.

tangent

noun
1 a straight line or plane that touches a curve or curved surface at a point, but if extended does not cross it at that point.
2 a completely different line of thought or action: he quickly went off on a _______ about wrestling.
3 Mathematics the trigonometric function that is equal to the ratio of the sides (other than the hypotenuse) opposite and adjacent to an angle in a right triangle.
adjective
(of a line or plane) touching, but not intersecting, a curve or curved surface.

abasement

noun
humiliation or degradation.

billowing

noun
a large undulating mass of something, typically cloud, smoke, or steam.
• archaic a large sea wave.
verb [ no obj. ]
(of fabric) fill with air and swell outward: her dress _______ out around her.
• (of smoke, cloud, or steam) move or flow outward with an undulating motion: smoke was ________ from the chimney.

cower

verb [ no obj. ]
crouch down in fear: children _______ in terror as the shoot-out erupted.

enhance

verb [ with obj. ]
intensify, increase, or further improve the quality, value, or extent of: his refusal does nothing to _____ his reputation | computer techniques that ______ images.

harangue

noun
a lengthy and aggressive speech.
verb [ with obj. ]
lecture (someone) at length in an aggressive and critical manner: the kind of guy who _______ total strangers about PCB levels in whitefish.

labyrinth

noun
1 a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one's way; a maze
a ________ of passages and secret chambers.
• an intricate and confusing arrangement: a _______ of conflicting laws and regulations.
2 Anatomy a complex structure in the inner ear that contains the organs of hearing and balance. It consists of bony cavities (the bony ______) filled with fluid and lined with sensitive membranes (the membranous _______).
• Zoology an organ of intricate structure, in particular the accessory respiratory organs of certain fishes.

nullify

verb [ with obj. ]
make legally ____ and void; invalidate: judges were unwilling to _______ government decisions.______ the effects of training.

plaintiff

noun Law
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law. Compare with defendant.

replete

adjective [ predic. ]
filled or well-supplied with something: sensational popular fiction, _____ with adultery and sudden death.
• very full of or sated by food: I went out into the sun-drenched streets again, _____ and relaxed.

tangible

adjective
perceptible by touch: the atmosphere of neglect and abandonment was almost ______ .
• clear and definite; real: the emphasis is now on tangible results.
noun (usu. _______s)
a thing that is perceptible by touch.

abrogate

verb [ with obj. ] formal
repeal or do away with (a law, right, or formal agreement): a proposal to ________ temporarily the right to strike.

blasphemy

noun ( pl. blasphemies )
the act or offense of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk: he was detained on charges of _______ | screaming incomprehensible _____.

credible

adjective
able to be believed; convincing: few people found his story _______ | a credible witness.
• capable of persuading people that something will happen or be successful: a _______ threat.

enigma

noun ( pl. _______ )
a person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand.

harbingers

noun
a person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another: witch hazels are the _____ of spring.
• a forerunner of something: these works were not yet opera, but they were the most important _____ of opera.

labyrinthine

adjective
(of a network) like a labyrinth; irregular and twisting: ____ streets and alleys.
• (of a system) intricate and confusing:_______ plots and counterplots.

nuzzle

verb [ with obj. ]
rub or push against gently with the nose and mouth: he ________ her hair | [ no obj. ] : the foal ______ at its mother.
• [ no obj. ] (______ up to/against) lean or snuggle against: the dog _____ up against me.

plaudit

pluralnoun
praise: the network has received plaudits for its sports coverage.
• the applause of an audience: the plaudits for the winner died down.

reprehensible

adjective
deserving censure or condemnation: his complacency and reprehensible laxity.

tardy

adjective ( tardier , tardiest )
delaying or delayed beyond the right or expected time; late: please forgive this tardy reply.
• slow in action or response; sluggish.

absolution

noun
formal release from guilt, obligation, or punishment.
• an ecclesiastical declaration of forgiveness of sins

blatant

adjective
(of bad behavior) done openly and unashamedly: _______ lies.
• completely lacking in subtlety; very obvious:

creditable

adjective
(of a performance, effort, or action) deserving public acknowledgment and praise but not necessarily outstanding or successful

ensconce

verb [ with obj. ]
establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe, or secret place:

hasten

verb [ no obj., with infinitive ]
be quick to do something
-[ with adverbial of direction ] move or travel hurriedly
-[ with obj. ] cause (something) to happen sooner than it otherwise would

laceration

noun
a deep cut or tear, esp. in skin; a gash
• the action of making such a cut.

obdurate

adjective
stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or course of action.

plausible

adjective
-(of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable:
-(of a person) skilled at producing persuasive arguments, esp. ones intended to deceive

reprieve

verb [ with obj. ]
cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, esp. someone condemned to death)
• abandon or postpone plans to close or put an end to (something)
noun
a cancellation or postponement of a punishment.
• a temporary escape from an undesirable fate or unpleasant situation

tawdry

adjective
showy but cheap and of poor quality
sordid or unpleasant
noun archaic
cheap and gaudy finery.

abstain

verb [ no obj. ]
1 restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something
2 formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion

blighted

noun
a plant disease, esp. one caused by fungi such as mildews, rusts, and smuts
• [ in sing. ] a thing that spoils or damages something
• an ugly, neglected, or rundown condition of an urban area

verb [ with obj. ]
infect (plants or a planted area) with blight
• spoil, harm, or destroy
• to neglect

credulous

adjective
having or showing too great a readiness to believe things.

enshroud

verb [ with obj. ] literary
envelop completely and hide from view

haughtiness

noun
the appearance or quality of being arrogantly superior and disdainful

lachrymose

adjective formal or literary
-tearful or given to weeping
• inducing tears; sad

obfuscate

verb [ with obj. ]
render obscure, unclear, or unintelligible
• bewilder (someone)

plethora

noun
1. a large or excessive amount of (something)
2 Medicine an excess of a bodily fluid, particularly blood.

repudiate

verb [ with obj. ]
refuse to accept or be associated with
• deny the truth or validity of
• chiefly Law refuse to fulfill or discharge (an agreement, obligation, or debt)
• (esp. in the past or in non-Christian religions) divorce (one's wife)

tedium

noun
the state of being too long, slow, or dull: tiresome or monotonous

abstemious

adjective
not self-indulgent, esp. when eating and drinking

blithe

adjective
showing a casual and cheerful indifference considered to be callous or improper
• happy or joyous

crepuscular

adjective
of, resembling, or relating to twilight.
• Zoology (of an animal) appearing or active in twilight.

enunciation

verb [ with obj. ]
say or pronounce clearly
• proclaim

headstrong

adjective
self-willed and obstinate

lackluster

adjective
lacking in vitality, force, or conviction; uninspired or uninspiring
• (of the hair or the eyes) not shining; dull.

objective

adjective
1 (of a person or their judgment) not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts:
• not dependent on the mind for existence; actual
2 [ attrib. ] Grammar of, relating to, or denoting a case of nouns and pronouns used as the object of a transitive verb or a preposition.

noun
1 a thing aimed at or sought; a goal
2the lens in a telescope or microscope nearest to the object observed.

pliable

adjective
1 easily bent; flexible
2 easily influenced

rescind

verb [ with obj. ]
revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement)

temper

noun
1 [ in sing. ] a person's state of mind seen in terms of their being angry or calm
• a tendency to become angry easily
• an angry state of mind
2 the degree of hardness and elasticity in steel or other metal:
verb [ with obj. ]
1 improve the hardness and elasticity of (steel or other metal) by reheating and then cooling it.
• improve the consistency or resiliency of (a substance) by heating it or adding particular substances to it.
2 (often be tempered with) serve as a neutralizing or counterbalancing force to (something)
3 tune (a piano or other instrument) so as to adjust the note intervals correctly.

abstruse

adjective
difficult to understand; obscure

blunderbuss

noun
1 historical a short-barreled large-bored gun with a flared muzzle, used at short range.
blunderbuss
2 an action or way of doing something regarded as lacking in subtlety and precision

cringe

verb
bend one's head and body in fear or in a servile manner
• experience an inward shiver of embarrassment or disgust
noun
an act of _________

envenom

verb [ with obj. ] archaic
put poison on or into; make poisonous.

hedonism

noun
the pursuit of pleasure; sensual self-indulgence.
• the ethical theory that pleasure (in the sense of the satisfaction of desires) is the highest good and proper aim of human life.

laconic

adjective
(of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words

oblique

adjective
1 neither parallel nor at a right angle to a specified or implied line; slanting
• not explicit or direct in addressing a point
• Geometry (of a line, plane figure, or surface) inclined at other than a right angle.
• Geometry (of an angle) acute or obtuse.
• Geometry (of a cone, cylinder, etc.) with an axis not perpendicular to the plane of its base.
• Anatomy (esp. of a muscle) neither parallel nor perpendicular to the long axis of a body or limb.
2 Grammar denoting any case other than the nominative or vocative.
noun
1 a muscle neither parallel nor perpendicular to the long axis of a body or limb.
2 Brit. another term for slash1 ( sense 2 of the noun).

plumage

noun
a bird's feathers collectively.

resignation

noun
1 an act of retiring or giving up a position
• a document conveying someone's intention of retiring
• Chess an act of ending a game by conceding defeat without being checkmated.
2 the acceptance of something undesirable but inevitable

tenacious

adjective
tending to keep a firm hold of something; clinging or adhering closely
• not readily relinquishing a position, principle, or course of action; determined

• persisting in existence; not easily dispelled

accolade

noun
1 an award or privilege granted as a special honor or as an acknowledgment of merit
• an expression of praise or admiration.
2 a touch on a person's shoulders with a sword at the bestowing of a knighthood.

bolster

noun

a long, thick pillow that is placed under other pillows for support.
• a part of a vehicle or tool providing structural support.
• Building a short timber cap over a post designed to increase the bearing of the beams it supports.

verb [ with obj. ]
support or strengthen; prop up
• provide (a seat) with padded support

cryptic

adjective
1 having a meaning that is mysterious or obscure
• (of a crossword) having difficult clues that indicate the solutions indirectly.
2 Zoology (of coloration or markings) serving to camouflage an animal in its natural environment.

ephemeral

adjective
lasting for a very short time: fashions are ephemeral.
• (chiefly of plants) having a very short life cycle.
noun
an ephemeral plant.

hedonist

noun
a person who believes that the pursuit of pleasure is the most important thing in life; a pleasure-seeker

lamentation

noun
the passionate expression of grief or sorrow; weeping

obliterate

verb [ with obj. ]
destroy utterly; wipe out: figurative : the memory was so painful that he ______it from his mind.
• cause to become invisible or indistinct; blot out: clouds were darkening, _____ the sun.

plummet

verb[ no obj. ]
fall or drop straight down at high speed: a climber was killed when he _____ 300 feet down an icy gully.
• decrease rapidly in value or amount: hardware sales _______.
noun
1 a steep and rapid fall or drop.
2 a plumb or plumb line.

resolution

noun
1 a firm decision to do or not to do something
• a formal expression of opinion or intention agreed on by a legislative body, committee, or other formal meeting, typically after taking a vote
• the quality of being determined or resolute

2 the action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter: the peaceful resolution of all disputes
• Music the passing of a discord into a concord during the course of changing harmony.
• Medicine the disappearance of inflammation, or of any other symptom or condition.

3 chiefly Chemistry the process of reducing or separating something into its components.
• Physics the replacing of a single force or other vector quantity by two or more jointly equivalent to it.
• the conversion of something abstract into another form.
• Prosody the substitution of two short syllables for one long one.

4 the smallest interval measurable by a scientific (esp. optical) instrument; the resolving power.
• the degree of detail visible in a photographic or television image.

tentative

adjective
not certain or fixed; provisional
• done without confidence; hesitant

acquiesce

verb [ no obj. ]
accept something reluctantly but without protest

bombast

noun
high-sounding language with little meaning, used to impress people.

curtail

verb [ with obj. ]
reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on
deprive someone of (something)

epicure

noun
a person who takes particular pleasure in fine food and drink.

heed

verb [ with obj. ]
pay attention to; take notice of
noun
careful attention

lampoon

verb [ with obj. ]
publicly criticize (someone or something) by using ridicule, irony, or sarcasm
noun
a speech or text criticizing someone or something in this way

oblivious

adjective
not aware of or not concerned about what is happening around one

podium

noun
a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience, as when making a speech or conducting an orchestra.
• a lectern.
• a continuous projecting base or pedestal under a building.
• a raised platform surrounding the arena in an ancient amphitheater.

verb [ no obj. ]
(of a competitor) finish first, second, or third, so as to appear on a _____ for an award

resonant

adjective
1 (of sound) deep, clear, and continuing to sound or ring
(of a place) filled or resounding with
• having the ability to evoke or suggest enduring images, memories, or emotions

2 (of a room, a musical instrument, or a hollow body) tending to reinforce or prolong sounds, esp. by synchronous vibration.
3 technical of, relating to, or bringing about resonance in a circuit, atom, or other object.
4 (of a color) enhancing or enriching another color or colors by contrast.

tenuous

adjective
very weak or slight: the ____ link between interest rates and investment.
• very slender or fine; insubstantial: a ______ cloud.

acrid

adjective
having an irritatingly strong and unpleasant taste or smell
• angry and bitter:

boorish

adjective
rough and bad-mannered; coarse

cynical

adjective
1 believing that people are motivated by self-interest; distrustful of human sincerity or integrity
• doubtful as to whether something will happen or whether it is worthwhile: most residents are cynical about efforts to clean mobsters out of their city.
• contemptuous; mocking: he gave a cynical laugh.
2 concerned only with one's own interests and typically disregarding accepted or appropriate standards in order to achieve them: a cynical manipulation of public opinion.

epistle

especially a long, formal letter
noun formal
a letter.
• a poem or other literary work in the form of a letter or series of letters.
• (also Epistle )a book of the New Testament in the form of a letter from an Apostle: St. Paul's epistle to the Romans.
• an extract from an Epistle (or another New Testament book not a Gospel) that is read in a church service.

heresy

noun ( pl. heresies )
belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (esp. Christian) doctrine: Huss was burned for heresy | the doctrine was denounced as a heresy by the pope.
• opinion profoundly at odds with what is generally accepted: cutting capital gains taxes is heresy | the politician's heresies became the conventional wisdom of the day.

lance

noun
1 a long weapon for thrusting, having a wooden shaft and a pointed steel head, formerly used by a horseman in charging.
• a weapon resembling a lance used in hunting fish or whales.
• another term for lancer ( sense 1).
2 [ usu. with modifier ] a metal pipe supplying a jet of oxygen to a furnace or to a hot flame for cutting.
3 a rigid tube at the end of a hose for pumping or spraying liquid.
verb [ with obj. ] Medicine
prick or cut open with a lancet or other sharp instrument: abscesses should not be lanced until there is a soft spot in the center | figurative : the governor made it one of his priorities to lance the boil of corruption.
• pierce with or as if with a lance: the teenager had been lanced by a wooden splinter | [ no obj. ] figurative : his eyes lanced right through her.
• [ no obj. ] move suddenly and quickly: pain lanced through her.
• literary fling; launch: he affirms to have lanced darts at the sun.

obscure

adjective ( obscurer , obscurest )
not discovered or known about; uncertain: his origins and parentage are obscure.
• not clearly expressed or easily understood: obscure references to Proust.
• not important or well known: an obscure religious sect.
• hard to make out or define; vague: figurative : I feel an obscure resentment.
• (of a color) not sharply defined; dim or dingy.
verb [ with obj. ]
keep from being seen; conceal: gray clouds obscure the sun.
• make unclear and difficult to understand: the debate has become obscured by conflicting ideological perspectives.
• overshadow: none of this should obscure the skill, experience, and perseverance of the workers.

poignant

adjective
evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret: a poignant reminder of the passing of time.
• archaic sharp or pungent in taste or smell.

respite

noun
a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant: the refugee encampments will provide some respite from the suffering | [ in sing. ] : a brief respite from a dire food shortage.
• a short delay permitted before an unpleasant obligation is met or a punishment is carried out.
verb [ with obj. ] rare
postpone (a sentence, obligation, etc.): the execution was only respited a few months.
• archaic grant a delay or extension of time to; reprieve from death or execution: some poor criminal ... from the gibbet or the wheel, respited for a day.

terse

adjective ( terser , tersest )
sparing in the use of words; abrupt: a terse statement.

acrophobia

a morbid fear of great heights noun

bourgeois

middle class noun

debility

the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age) noun

epistolary

written in the form of or carried on by letters or correspondence adj

hiatus

a missing piece (as a gap in a manuscript) noun

languid

lacking spirit or liveliness adj

obscured

hidden, covered, buried verb

poised

in full control of your faculties adj

resplendent

having great beauty and splendor adj

therapeutic

relating to or involved in therapy adj

acuity

a quick and penetrating intelligence noun

braggart

a very boastful and talkative person noun

debunking

the exposure of falseness or pretensions noun

epitomized

typified; characterized; personified verb

hidebound

stubbornly conservative and narrow-minded adj.

languish

become feeble verb

obsequious

attentive in an ingratiating or servile manner adj.

polemical

of or involving dispute or controversy adj.

restorative

adjective /riˈstôrətiv/

Having the ability to restore health, strength, or a feeling of well-being
- the restorative power of long walks

Relating to or concerned with the restoration of form or function to a damaged tooth or other part of the body

noun /riˈstôrətiv/
restoratives, plural

Something, esp. a medicine or drink, that restores health, strength, or well-being

thwart

verb /THwôrt/
thwarted, past participle; thwarted, past tense; thwarting, present participle; thwarts, 3rd person singular present

Prevent (someone) from accomplishing something
- he never did anything to thwart his father
- he was thwarted in his desire to punish Uncle Fred

Oppose (a plan, attempt, or ambition) successfully
- the government had been able to thwart all attempts by opposition leaders to form new parties

noun /THwôrt/
thwarts, plural

A structural crosspiece sometimes forming a seat for a rower in a boat

adverb /THwôrt/

From one side to another side of; across
- a pink-tinged cloud spread thwart the shore

adamant

adjective /ˈadəmənt/

Refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind
- he is adamant that he is not going to resign

noun /ˈadəmənt/

A legendary rock or mineral to which many, often contradictory, properties were attributed, formerly associated with diamond or lodestone

brawny

(of a person) possessing physical strength and weight
adj

decathlon

an athletic contest consisting of ten different events noun

equivocate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear in order to mislead or withhold information verb

hieroglyphics

an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds noun

larceny

the act of taking something from someone unlawfully
noun

obsession

an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone noun

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