massage movements

Created by kristie_0413 

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in swedish massage most movements are directed____to the heart

toward(centipetal)

massage strokes are directed toward the heart to affect the flow or ____ and____

venous blood/ lympth flow

applied in the direction of the venous and lymphatic flow

effleurage

lifts, squeezes and presses the tissues

kneading

used to distribute any lubricant and to prepare the area for other techniques

effleurage

manipulating one layer of tissue over or against another

friction

raising tissues from their ordinary position and then squeezing, rolling or pinching with firm pressure

kneading

used to assist a client to restore mobility or increase flexibility in a joint

joint movement

moving the hand over some portion of the clients body with varying amounts of pressure

gliding

the stationary contact of the therapists hand and the clients body

touch

moving a body part through a range of motion

joint movement

moving more superficial layers of flesh against the deeper tissues

friction

rapid striking motion against the surface of the clients body

percussion

placing of the practitioners hand or fingers on the client without movement in any direction

touch

generally the first and last contact the therapist has with the client

touch

manipulation of the articulations of the client

joint movement

client has moderately high blood pressure

superficial gliding

client is nervous and irritated

superficial touch

client is in pain from severe arthritis

superficial touch

client is healthy and has thick heavy musculature

deep gliding

client has trigger points in the neck and shoulders

deep touch

client is critically ill with lymphoma

superficial touch

client has stress points in the tendons around the elbow and knee

deep touch

client complains of insomnia

superficial gliding

this is the main technique used in foot reflexology

deep touch

this technique is used when applying oil to the body

superficial touch

client requests a deep relaxing massage

deep gliding

this is the main technique used in shiatsu

deep touch

client is generally tired

superficial gliding

client is visibly nervous and tense

superficial touch

rhythmic pumping action directed into the muscle perpendicular to the body part

compression

a stroke with enough pressure to have a mechanical effect

deep gliding

applied in a transverse direction across the muscle, tendon or ligament fibers

cross fiber friction

the natural weight of the therapists fingers, fingers or hand held on a given area of the clients body

superficial touch

quick striking manipulations with the ulnar border of the hand

hacking

help from the therapist as the client moves a limb

active, assistive joint movements

moving the skin in a circular pattern over the deeper tissues

circular friction

a continous shaking or trembling movement transmitted from the therapists hand or an electrical appliance

vibration

very light fingertip pressure with long flowing strokes

feather stroking

moving more superficial layers of flesh against deeper tissues

friction

applying pressure with no other movement

deep touch

picking the skin and subcutaneous tissue up between thumbs and fingers and rolling it

skin rolling

moving in a flexible firm hand lightly over an extended area of the body

superficial gliding

raising the skin and muscular tissues from their ordinary position and squeezing with a firm pressure usually in a circular direction

kneading

quick striking manipulations with the tips of the fingers

tapping

moving a clients joint while his muscles are relaxed

passive joint movement

the therapist resistance of a clients movement

active, resistive joint movements

hands gliding over a body part without touching

aura stroking

most current massage styles are based on

swedish movements

when a therapist recognizes the purposes and effects of movements and adapts the treatment to the client the massage practice has become

therapeutic

a massage therapists main mode of communication

is touch

a massage movement directed away from the heart

centrifugal

heat makes the connective tissues around muscles

more pliable

a technique that causes an increase in the amount of blood in an area or hyperemia is

compression

kneading helps to reduce

adhesions

effleurage over small areas such as the face is usually performed with

fingers

a mechanical vibrator that has a back and forth movement is called

oscillating

a mechanical vibrator that has a circular movement is called

orbital

are done centrifugally with only the fingertips

feather strokes

the primary indication of tension or dysfunction in muscle or soft tissue is

pain, fibrous bands of tissue, trigger points

the movement of a joint from one extreme of the articulation to the other is

range of motion

the practice of sliding the hand smoothly over some portion of the clients body with varying amounts of pressure

gliding

requires very light pressure of the fingertips or hands with long flowing strokes

feather stroking

a kneading technique in which the therapist attempts to grasp the tissue and gently lift and spread it out as if to make more space between the layers of tissue or muscle fibers

fulling

a variation of kneading in which only the skin and subcutaneous tissue are picked up between the thumbs and fingers and rolled

skin rolling

a rapid back and forth movement with the hands in which the flesh is shaken and rolled around the axis or the imaginary centerline of the body part

rolling

a back and forth movement in which both hands are placed a short distance apart on either side of the limb and work is opposing directions

wringing

involves the flesh being grasped firmly in one or both hands and moved up and down along the bone

chucking

allows the release of tension by gently shaking a relaxed body part so that the flesh flops around the bone

shaking

involves grasping the entire muscle lifting it slightly away from its position and shaking it quicky across its axis

jostling

a push and release movement applied to the clients body in either a side to side or an up and down direction

rocking

movements include tapping, slapping, hacking, cupping and beating

tappotement

the lightest most superficial of the percussion techniques

tapping

uses a rhythemic glancing contact with the body

slapping

a technique used by respiratory therapists to help break up lung congestion

cupping

a rapid striking movement that can be done with one or both hands

hacking

the heaviest and deepest form of percussion and is done over the denser muscular areas of the body

beating

stretch the fibrous tissue and move the joint through its range of motion

passive joint movements

are movements in which the client actively participates by contracting the muscles involved in the movement

active joint movement

the client moves the limb or the joint without any intervention from the therapist to assess any limitation in the joint movement

active range of motion

the change in the quality of the feeling as the end of a movement is achieved

end feel

its a bone against bone feeling

hard end feel

a cushioned limitation in which soft tissue prevents further movement such as knee flexion

soft end feel

an abrupt restriction to a joint movement caused by pain

empty end feel

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